Brent nears $124 on Iran supply concerns
Brent crude climbed back near $124 today, rebounding from a drop of 2 per cent the previous session as another refiner announced cuts to Iranian imports, feeding fears of a supply crunch as the West presses ahead with sanctions on Tehran.
Relief that China's 2012 growth target came in as expected at 7.5 per cent reassured investors that the country would continue to propel steady demand for oil, while a delay of up to four more days in restarting Enbridge Inc's oil pipeline system in the US Midwest also provided support.
As sanctions against the world's fifth largest oil exporter Iran over its nuclear programme make trade in its oil more difficult, its biggest customers including China, Japan and India are reducing imports from Tehran, even as Middle East supply risks remain. The latest company to do so is India's Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd (MRPL) which plans to cut its yearly Iranian oil import deal by as much as 44 per cent to 80,000 barrels per day in 2012/2013.
Tetsu Emori, a fund manager with Astramax Co in Tokyo said tensions over Iran could cause a potential supply crunch. "There's no other alternative to Iranian oil except for Saudi oil and they have already increased exports last month," he said, adding that global oil consumption is increasing on the back of growing demand for oil in Asia.
Saudi Arabia's current spare capacity is 2.5 million bpd while production is now at 9.8m bpd, the country's deputy oil minister Abdul Aziz Bin Salman bin Abdulaziz has said. In a possible response to additional demand, Saudi Arabia has raised the price of its flagship Arab Light crude oil for customers in Asia, who buy more than half of its crude exports, by $1.25 a barrel for April.
Front-month Brent rose 30 cents to $123.95 a barrel by 03:32 GMT. Brent fell 2 per cent on Friday after Saudi Arabia denied a media report of an explosion at a Saudi oil pipeline that had helped Brent crude prices shoot up $5 to $126.20, their highest level since 2008. US April crude on Monday rose 30 cents to $107.00 a barrel after settling $2.14 lower at $106.70.
For the weekahead, CPI data out of China and US jobs data, both due on Friday, are focal points for the market. "Investors will get their direction from data expected out of the US and China, and there needs to be some form of confirmation that an economic recovery is taking place," said Ben Le Brun, a Sydney-based markets analyst at OptionsXpress.
The latest data out of China showed that its services sector ran at its fastest pace in four months in February - contrary to an official report on Saturday that signalled that the sector was shrinking. The private-sector HSBC China Services PMI, which provides a snapshot of conditions in businesses from restaurants to banks, climbed to a seasonally adjusted 53.9 in February from 52.5 in January, well above the 50 mark that demarcates expansion and contraction. It was, however, well below its long-term trend despite an uptick in new business growth to an eight-month high.