IMF, EU inspectors start quizzing Cyprus on bailout
Cyprus’ international lenders began reviewing how the island is meeting the conditions of its 10 billion euro bailout Wednesday, looking to see whether it should get the next tranche of aid. The appraisal is the first since Cyprus secured a deal with the International Monetary Fund, the European Commission and the European Central Bank in March, pulling the cash-starved country away from the brink of financial meltdown.
It dealt a harsh blow to thousands who lost their savings in two major Cypriot banks, however.
Nicosia received a first tranche of aid in June worth 3 billion euros and eurozone finance ministers will decide on whether to issue the next tranche in mid-September, the size of which is yet to be determined.
Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades said last month that some provisions of the bailout deal needed tweaking to address problems in the island’s battered banking sector.
Cyprus had to wind down one lender, Laiki Bank, and use customer deposits exceeding 100,000 euros to prop up another, Bank of Cyprus, as part of the bailout agreement.
One area of focus for the so-called troika of lenders during the two-week review will be why the central bank has yet to finalize how much equity Bank of Cyprus shareholders will receive in exchange for giving up their deposits, a process known as a bail-in.
Finance Ministry officials are keen to see the resolution settled, worried that the uncertainty it is causing is preventing an easing of capital controls, introduced to prevent a cash flight after the bailout was agreed in March.
“Swiftly exiting the resolution status would allow us to take new steps to further ease, and ultimately eliminate capital controls,” Finance Minister Harris Georgiades said Tuesday.
An independent audit of Bank of Cyprus assets is under way, which would define precisely how much of depositors’ cash would be seized.
The island has promised its lenders that it would consider the option of selling some of its gold reserves to help pay down its debt but Georgiades said Tuesday that was only one option under consideration.
Under the bailout, Cyprus has agreed to cut its budget deficit to 2.4 percent of gross domestic product in 2016, from an estimated 5.9 percent this year.