Iraqi Marsh Arabs discuss future of wetlands
The founding conference of the Maysan Marsh Arab Council marked the first time that Iraq's Marsh Arabs publicly expressed their wishes and concerns for the future of their marshland environment.
According to a report from the Maysan Province office of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA), several hundred marshland residents gathered in the city of Amarah, Iraq, on March 20 to meet with scientific experts and government officials regarding projects to restore portions of Iraq's wetlands.
"If you are going to talk about the marshes, you must talk about the people, the villages there," said Iraqi Governing Council member Abdul Karim Al-Muhammadawi. Al Muhammadawi earned the moniker "Prince of the Marshes" for his role in leading the resistance against Saddam Hussein's regime within Iraq's southern provinces for 17 years.
The conference provided a forum for marshland residents to discuss numerous issues surrounding proposed plans to re-flood parts of the vast network of wetlands along the Tigris River basin in southern Iraq. These included not only environmental issues but also concerns regarding health, education and agricultural and cultural matters relevant to the historically marginalized Marsh Arab population.
According to the CPA report, conference participants discussed strategies for managing returning refugee populations, the allocation of arable land and the provision of basic utilities, health care and education.
Most of the marshlands were drained by the former regime during the 1990s in order to deprive opposition Shi'a forces of safe havens. Azzam Alwash, manager of the Iraq Foundation's New Eden project, said in recent hearings before the US Congress, "In a few short years, Saddam drained them to allow access for his tanks to establish control in the area. After they were dried, the marshes were burned and villages were destroyed."
Alwash estimated that as many as 300,000 residents died or fled their homes during the period. Although many experts feared that the damage to the soil, flora and fauna of the region might be irreversible, more recent USAID studies of re-flooded areas have provided encouraging evidence that the wetlands can be partially restored. — (menareport.com)
© 2004 Mena Report (www.menareport.com)