NCB Capital, Kingdom’s largest asset manager and leading wealth management company, expects that loan growth for Saudi banks to continue strong in 2012 as they focus on retail lending. In its new report issued today, NCB Capital believes that government spending and bonus salaries in 2011 will have a ‘recurring effect’ on banks’ balance sheet growth in 2012.
In addition, NIM’s are likely to compress particularly for banks with significant exposure to the corporate sector as competition increases. NCB Capital expects the bottom line this year to be driven by volume growth and non-interest income.
“Banks focus on the underpenetrated retail segment is a key recurring theme,” said Farouk Miah, Head of Equity Research at NCB Capital. “Improved provision coverage, asset quality and capital base make Saudi banks well-equipped to continue the strong lending growth recorded in 2011. Overall, we expect loan growth of 12.4% in 2012 led by a retail loan growth of 16%.”
The Economics team at the National Commercial Bank estimate 2012 government expenditures 13% higher than budgeted on revenues of SR930bn, leading to a budget surplus of SR150bn, or 7.1% of GDP. The continuing expansionary fiscal policy, coupled with low-interest rates should maintain healthy economic growth and boost domestic liquidity. NCB Capital believes the corporate sector will benefit from continuing government support and estimate a corporate loan growth of 11%.
Lending by the banking sector was also boosted by the government abandoning the “advance mobilisation scheme” which provided companies with government contracts up to 30% financing. This aided the building and construction sector of corporate loans which grew 25.4% in 2011 and similar growth levels is expected going forward.
According to the report, most of the Saudi banks believed that it was unlikely for the mortgage law to be passed in the near-term. As a way of getting round the problem, Banks have focused on mortgage lending to state-sector employees on the high end of the income curve. NCB Capital continues to believe that even if the mortgage law is passed, it will not have an immediate and full effect on mortgage lending until the supply of housing becomes more affordable.
A key trigger for mortgage lending, even in the absence of enforced formal institutions, is the introduction of tax on underdeveloped lands easing pressure on property prices. This will be a key trigger for mortgage lending going forward; while a mortgage law will facilitate bank lending, a land tax will ensure greater supply to meet the demand of home buyers.
The NCB Capital report highlighted that banks’ share of demand deposit has increased significantly over the past few years. It currently stands at its highest level of 58% up from a low of 40% at the end of 4Q08. “It is no surprise that the switch came after interest rates started to decline; indeed we attribute this to the low interest rate environment which significantly limited the opportunity cost associated with non-interest bearing deposits,” explained Mr. Miah. “In addition, the reduced rates had a noticeable substitution effect as depositors’ preferred short-term liquidity over longer term deposits at limited returns while abundant liquidity reduced banks’ demand for longer maturity funds.”
Going forward, however, NCB Capital expects demand for time deposits to increase as the opportunity cost, in absolute terms, for demand deposits rises. “We believe conventional banks, particularly those who target high-income depositors, to be at most risk. Shariah-complaint banks, on the other hand, face a lesser risk as more conservative depositors forgo interest on religious principles,” commented Mr. Miah. “More importantly, however, Shariah-compliant banks target customers on the low-end of the income curve; 90% of Al Rajhi’s retail depositors, for example, are low to mid income earners and hence the opportunity cost, in absolute terms, is limited even in the case of a spike in interest rates.”
On a YTD basis, the daily average value traded in the local equity market is up 98% YoY to SR8.7bn and is 130% higher from the corresponding period in 2011. NCB Capital expects the TASI to sustain increased level of activity for 2012 supporting a 21% sector growth in fee income.
According to the report, NCB Capital prefers stocks of established players such as Al Rajhi, Samba and Riyadh Bank due to their attractive valuations and their ability to take advantage of the opportunity in the retail segment. “These names also stand to benefit most from the strong equity market activity. We downgrade Saudi Investment Bank and Arab National Bank to Neutral from Overweight.” Mr. Miah concluded.