How much more can the country handle? Yemen's oil exports down 60%
Yemen's income from oil exports tumbled by over 64 per cent to $73.4 million in May from a year ago, due to attacks on an export pipeline, and the central bank's foreign asset reserves shrank to their lowest since end-2011, data showed on Sunday.
Sanaa's finances have deteriorated as it has been caught in a nationwide fight against al Qaeda militants and other rebel groups. It has suffered power cuts and petrol shortages with the government struggling to pay public sector salaries and finance food and energy imports.
It relies on crude oil exports to finance up to 70 per cent of its budget.
Sanaa has earned just $671 million from exporting its crude in January-May, nearly 40 per cent less than in the same period last year, the central bank's monthly report showed.
As a result, the central bank's gross foreign asset reserves slipped for a sixth month in a row to $4.6 billion in May from $4.7 billion in April, reflecting the state's failure to secure oil pipelines against bombings.
That level is enough to secure 4.4 months of imports but bellow 7.6 months on average Yemen recorded in 2007-2013.
When deducting liabilities, which include Saudi Arabia's $1 billion deposit from 2012, the central bank's reserve cushion is much lower, at $3.3 billion in May. Overall, Yemen's banking system held $5.6 billion in net foreign assets in May.
Financial aid from abroad, which has been slow to arrive, has become a lifeline for Yemen, the second-poorest Arab nation after Mauritania. Sanaa is hoping to seal a long-discussed $550 million loan from the International Monetary Fund this year that could help unlock more donor funds.
The IMF expected in April Yemen's budget deficit to shrink to 6.7 per cent of gross domestic product this year from 7.1 per cent in 2013, which was the biggest shortfall since 2009.
Inflation eased to an annual 7.4 per cent in April from this year's peak of 7.6 per cent in the previous month, as growth in prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages cooled slightly, the central bank's report also showed.
Core inflation, which excludes volatile prices of food, tobacco and qat leaf, remained at 10.7 percent in April for the second month in a row, the highest level since August 2012. That seems to rule out further monetary policy easing for now.
The central bank slashed its key rate by 5 percentage points from October 2012 to February 2013 to support economic recovery, bringing it to a three-year low of 15 per cent. Headline inflation averaged 7.1 per cent during this period and core inflation 7.3 per cent.
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