Ancient Iraqis: 3,300 year old city found under a mound in Kurdistan
A domestic structure, with at least two rooms, that may date to relatively late in the life of the newfound ancient city, perhaps around 2,000 years ago when the Parthian Empire controlled the area in Iraq. (Photo courtesy Cinzia Pappi/The Huffington Post)
Archaeologists have unearthed an ancient city called Idu, hidden beneath a mound in the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq.
Cuneiform inscriptions and works of art reveal the palaces that flourished in the city throughout its history thousands of years ago, Fox News reported.
Located in a valley on the northern bank of the lower Zab River, the city's remains are now part of a mound created by human occupation called a tell, which rises about 32 feet above the surrounding plain.
The earliest remains date back to Neolithic times, when farming first appeared in the Middle East, and a modern-day village called Satu Qala now lies on top of the tell.
The city thrived between 3,300 and 2,900 years ago, Cinzia Pappi, an archaeologist at the Universitt Leipzig in Germany, said.
The researchers were able to determine the site's ancient name when, during a survey of the area in 2008, a villager brought them an inscription with the city's ancient name engraved on it.
Excavations were conducted in 2010 and 2011.
The findings are published in the journal Anatolica.
- Extensions are forever? Archaeologists uncover 3,000-year-old ancient Egyptian woman with hair extensions
- Long before fast food, ancient mummies had clogged arteries too
- Israel playing dirty: Is this archaeologist's "discovery" of King David's lost citadel a bid to gain more control in Jerusalem?
- Ancient Beirut site destroyed by culture minister in favor of skyscrapers
- Will-Kate planning Jordan honeymoon