Iraq demands US$4 billion in compensation from Israel
The Iraqi government has petitioned the United Nations Security Council to demand Israel pay compensation for the destruction of the Osirak nuclear reactor. Israel destroyed the reactor on June 7, 1981, when Iraq was using the reactor to further its nuclear weapon’s program.
According to recent press reports, the Iraqi government is seeking approximately US$4 billion in compensation for the destruction of the reactor, its impact on the nuclear development process, and for the deaths of dozens of workers at the site.
On June 8, 1981, the day after the attack, Iraq filed a complaint with the UN concerning the destruction of the nuclear facility. On June 19, 1981, the UN passed Resolution 487 holding Israel breached Article 2 of the Charter of the United Nations and condemning the attack on the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) approved nuclear site in Iraq. The resolution noted that Iraq was a party to the Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty and was in compliance with the Treaty while Israel was not.
In the end, the UN condemned the military attack by Israel, called for Israel to refrain from any additional acts or threats, considered the attacks a serious threat to the entire safeguards regime of the IAEA, recognized Iraq’s inalienable sovereign rights to establish a nuclear program for the development of their economy and industry for peaceful purposes, called upon Israel to place its nuclear facilities under the safeguards of the IAEA, and concluded that Iraq was entitled to appropriate redress for the destruction it has suffered, responsibility for which has been acknowledged by Israel.