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Clockwise from left, Onsi Sawiris and his sons Naguib, Nassef and Samih
13:16 GMT
Onsi Sawiris and his three sons are Egypt's leading private sector investors in the construction, hotels, telecom, and media sectors.
Saudi Aramco plans to start natural gas production at a field near Jordan. (OilPro)
12:28 GMT
Saudi Arabia is investing heavily in exploration, as demand for natural gas is expected to nearly double by 2030 from 2011's levels.
The researchers claimed that their ultra-thin display material can produce vivid colour displays at very high resolution, even in bright, direct sunlight. (Twitter)
11:27 GMT
British scientists have created new technology for vivid smartphone displays, which could also be useful for smart eyewear, windshield displays, and synthetic retinas.
Jordan's 2004 census put the total number of the Kingdom’s population at 5.1 million. (Launchgood)
11:00 GMT
Over 25,000 people will be involved in conducting the ten-day exercise, in which refugees and temporary visitors are expected to be included alongside the national population.
Dubai's solar park will enter the second phase of development and will be the largest in the world upon completion. (Facebook)
09:59 GMT
Dubai's Clean Energy Strategy 2050 aims to provide 75 percent of the emirate's future energy from clean energy sources with a five-pillar approach.
BP, Royal Dutch Shell, Total, Schlumberger, Eni, Gazprom, and Statoil are some of the 137 companies are in attendance. (Petronoticias)
09:00 GMT
Tehran is presenting 50 oil and gas projects in a new contract format, with hopes for investment from some of the biggest names in the oil and gas industry.
Turkey's first nuclear power plant at Akkuyu will be built in Mersin by the Russia's Rosatom for $22B. (Real Estate News Turkey)
08:00 GMT
Russia's call for economic sanctions against Turkey puts the future of Turkey's first Russian-funded nuclear power plant project and Russian natural gas flows to Turkey in question.
Disengaged employees means a higher turnover if you don't work hard on retaining highly qualified employees. (Shutterstock)
07:48 GMT
Motivation plays a crucial factor in keeping highly qualified employees on board.
Find ways to start saving in small ways. (Shutterstock)
07:34 GMT
If you're living in a country where pensions and social benefits don't exist, saving for the future is particularly important.
Meezan Bank and Ufone have 10,000 points of service across 500 cities between them. (
07:00 GMT
Kuwait-based Meezan Bank and Ufone launch 'Meezan-Upaisa', while the State Bank of Pakistan' also taps the trend with new Islamic banking services.
IRENA Headquarters, Masdar City Abu Dhabi. (BSB Gulf)
05:55 GMT
The new Israeli representative mission will be attached to the inter-governmental International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Abdoun Bridge, Amman. (Twitter)
05:21 GMT
The new Memorandum of Understanding was signed during the first UAE-Jordan Economic Forum held in Amman last week.

November 26, 2015

“We have seen some significant international effort to eliminate funding lines off Daesh. This effort is being led by a number of Saudi officials," said White House spokesman Josh Earnest. (Al Bawaba/File)
16:49 GMT
The White House has praised the efforts of Saudi Arabia to cut off funding for the Daesh militant group, local media reported Wednesday.
The plastics manufacturing complex will enable Oman to produce polyethylene, the form of plastic in highest global demand. (Al Bawaba/File)
16:35 GMT
Oman's state-owned ORPIC has finalized negotiations with four preferred bidders for $4.5 billion worth of contracts to build a major plastic manufacturing unit called Liwa Plastic Industries Complex in Sohar.
According to real estate investment and advisory firm JLL, apartment prices fell by 11 per cent over the past year. (Al Bawaba/File)
16:19 GMT
With the tapering of the house price surge, a bottoming out in Dubai property market is likely to happen as prices are set to decline between three per cent and five per cent by the end of 2016.
"As one of the countries that signed this international pact early, it will contribute to the well-being of humanity as a whole," said Tawfik Khoja. (Al Bawaba/File)
15:45 GMT
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has become the first Arab country and the tenth internationally to join the protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products.
Founded in 1999, Travelstart now has 200 employees across 6 global offices including Dubai, Cairo, Cape Town, Dar es Salaam, Lagos and Istanbul. (Arabnet)
13:30 GMT
Following launches in UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Egypt and Morocco, customers in KSA can now enjoy an end-to-end service in Arabic on the travel booking portal.
Hotel Intercontinental in Aqaba. (Dari Tour)
13:00 GMT
Jordan's Red Sea port of Aqaba is hoping for a tourism revival as Russian flights start arriving; Hungarian low-cost flights are in the pipeline.
The feminization campaign began in 2012, but recent amendments to the labor law make certain conditions for female employment mandatory. (Twitter)
12:23 GMT
The deadline for 'feminizing' women's retail stores in Saudi Arabia has been extended to allow companies more time to adapt working practices and conditions to women's needs.
The guitar has 400 carats of diamonds, 1.6kg of gold and won the Guinness World Record for most valuable guitar. (Image courtesy of GDN Online)
11:57 GMT
The top international names are exhibiting unique showpieces at Jewellery Arabia 2015, including the makers of the Guinness World Record's most expensive guitar.
The agreement aims to enhance cooperation in Islamic affairs, in order to increase religious and Islamic cultural awareness. (Islampos)
10:40 GMT
Egypt's leading Sunni Islamic institute has signed an agreement to open the Al Azhar College for Islamic Science and Dawaa in the UAE.
Russian President Vladimir Putin with Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Baku on June 13, 2015. (AFP/Ria Novosti/Alexei Druzhinin)
10:24 GMT
Russia is Turkey's main gas supplier, while Turkey is the largest joint buyer of Russian wheat. With $100B worth of bilateral trade targeted for 2020, much is at stake.
Etihad Airways placed ninth on the list of the most in demand employers in MENA. (Etihad)
09:00 GMT
A new survey by the professional networking site revealed that oil and gas, real estate, construction, transport, telecommunications and technology are the most in-demand sectors in MENA.
The expansion will include the building a new unit for electricity generation using steam inside the West Cairo Power Station. (Shutterstock)
08:00 GMT
The Saudi Fund for Development loans supplement grants by the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development, to help meet Egypt's growing energy needs.
Life insurance is another cost, but it gives you peace of mind. (Shutterstock)
07:47 GMT
It's a myth that life insurance is only something to think about when you get old.
Syrian businessman George Heswani had already been sanctioned by the EU in March. (Inside Biz)
07:00 GMT
The US Treasure Department has sanctioned the Syrian owners of HESCO Engineering and Construction Company and two Russians for its business associations with Daesh and the Assad regime.
Decide whether you will use Twitter to engage with the community, follow news, or a bit of both. (File photo)
06:48 GMT
If you're not yet using Twitter for professional purposes, here's how to get started.
Royal Savoy Hotel and Villas, Sharm El Sheikh. (Sharm News)
06:06 GMT
Local operators in Egypt are complaining that foreign holiday packages are better value when compared to the high costs of domestic air travel.

November 25, 2015

UberCHOPPER will fly passengers between the Atlantis hotel in Dubai and Yas Island in Abu Dhabi. (Twitter)
21:36 GMT
Not sure how to get to Yas Island this weekend? UberCHOPPER's got you covered.
Dubai plans to host over 25 million visitors during World Expo 2020. (Al Bawaba/File)
19:27 GMT
Dubai was officially declared as the venue for the World Expo 2020 at the 158th General Assembly of the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE) in Paris on Wednesday.
The pen can transform any wall into an interactive board. The young inventors hope teachers will use the pen in their classrooms. (Al Bawaba/File)
19:09 GMT
Three Emirati female students have invented a smart pen that can convert any wall into an interactive board.
Egypt exported €9M ($9.56M( worth of fruits, vegetables, and juices in the past nine months. (Twitter)
18:29 GMT
Over the past period, Egyptian-German commercial relations witnessed growth despite the problems facing the Egyptian economy.
Russian President Vladimir Putin, Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu and officials discuss the Russian MetroJet crash over Egypt's Sinai. (AFP/Sputnik/Alexei Nikolsky)
13:45 GMT
Following his two-day visit to Cairo, Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu has confirmed Egypt's request to purchase arms in a rumored $1B deal.
Many UAE retailers are holding sales between November 25-28 with discounts as high as 75 percent. (Shutterstock)
13:26 GMT
MENA follows in the footsteps of the US and China by launching pre-holiday online sales.
The Binladin Group has been suspended from taking on new contracts following a crane accident at Mecca's Grand Mosque in September. (AFP/File)
13:10 GMT
One of Saudi Arabia's biggest construction firms has announced the immediate layoff of 15,000 staff in order to trim budgets affected by low oil prices.
The basis for negotiations is an estimated supply of not more than 4 BCM (billion cubic meters) of gas annually for 10-15 years. (Shutterstock)
12:40 GMT
US Noble Energy and the partners in the Leviathan gas discovery have signed a letter of intent with Egypt's Dolphinus Holdings
Non-traditional perks include subsidized wellness programs and flexible working arrangments. (Shutterstock)
12:18 GMT
Attracting and retaining top talent and getting employees motivated doesn't always have to involve a generous salary and benefits package.
Governments are urged to pass cyber-specific laws and establish procedures for breach reporting. (Shutterstock)
12:00 GMT
A new report has seen a doubling in cybercrime in the first half of 2015, with the energy and telecom industries being the most targeted.
The oil market has been on the defensive in recent months amid uncertainty about how quickly the global glut of crude is set to shrink. (Shutterstock)
11:25 GMT
As OPEC prepares to convene on December 4, Saudi Arabia has pledged to work towards stabilizing the market, but analysts doubt that there will be plans to cut production.
The circumambulation area around the Holy Kaaba has been undergoing renovation for almost three years. (Skyscraper City)
10:55 GMT
Some 35,000 workers are putting the final touches on the circumambulation area and northern plazas of Mecca's pilgrimage site.
The attacks in Belgium and Paris, the downing of a Russian plane over Turkey and a US travel advisory weighs heavy on the markets. (Aleqt)
10:26 GMT
Global markets, travel and hospitality stocks slump in the wake of recent high-profile events.
Somalia's mahogany trees provide charcoal for the Middle East's shisha smokers.
08:01 GMT
Ahead of the climate change conference in Paris, Somalia claims that its forests have been destroyed to cater to the Middle East's hubbly bubbly obsession.
Egypt is hoping to formalize an additional $1.5B in loans from the World Bank and African Development Bank by the end of the year. (Shutterstock)
07:11 GMT
The Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development have agreed to a five-year financing agreement that will boost housing and power projects.
The Cyprus exploration has raised Lebanon's hopes that their hydrocarbon industry will also attract developers. (Shutterstock)
06:42 GMT
The new British Gas plans to develop Cyprus' hydrocarbon industry has given hope to Lebanon for future spoils - but can they overcome political obstacles?

November 24, 2015

Fakih IVF is looking to expand within the UAE and the GCC region. (Courtesy of
22:18 GMT
Abu Dhabi-based NMC Health announced that it has entered into an agreement to acquire a 51 per cent shareholding in Fakih IVF Group for Dh696 million.
Glowork seeks to empower Saudi women in business in Saudi Arabia. (LinkedIn)
21:52 GMT
Glowork, a Saudi agency that matches job-seeking Saudi women to jobs online, took home the social entrepreneurship award at the second iteration of the 2015 Emirates Award for Arabian Gulf Youth.
The investment will be used to produce oil equipment locally in Egypt. (Al Bawaba/File)
17:22 GMT
China Petroleum and Technology Development Corporation (CPTDC) intends to invest approximately $10m in Egypt, Li Qitang, Egypt’s chief office representative, told Daily News Egypt.
Sharjah will be the first location in the Middle East to have smart bins with Wi-Fi. (Twitter)
16:37 GMT
The UAE plans to install innovative solar-powered bins across Sharjah that double as hotspots, in line with the country's Innovation Week.
Star Wars: The Force Awakens is due to open in Abu Dhabi on December 17. (Mashable)
14:26 GMT
Jedi or Sith? Join the fun ahead of the Star Wars: The Force Awakens premiere, by logging in to your Chrome browser and changing the look of your apps.
The study found that wearable banking will witness a faster adoption rate than mobile banking. (File photo)
14:00 GMT
A new study by Juniper Research has found that the future of banking includes the use of apps accessed via smartwatches.
UAE Innovation Week is hosting 900 activities across the country  to foster innovation across education, health, judiciary, human resources and other sectors. (Twitter)
13:00 GMT
The new initiative will provide funding and loans to innovators working in collaboration with UAE financial entities as part of a nationwide sustainable development strategy.
Front Row Filmed Entertainment are the Middle East distributors for the latest Drew Barrymore and Toni Collette rom-com, 'Miss You Already'. (Facebook)
12:00 GMT
The media group continues its push into movies and entertainment content with a new deal with the Dubai-based Middle East film distributor.
FGB has slashed nearly 100 jobs in the UAE last week, with plans to cut 15,000 jobs globally by 2018. (UAE Interact)
10:40 GMT
First Gulf Bank, the UAE's third largest lender, follows Standard Chartered and HSBC in cutting jobs in response to worsening economic conditions.
An estimated 15 percent of smartphone users in Saudi Arabia are using apps for free calls. (Gadgets.Ndtv)
10:18 GMT
Saudi Arabia's Communications and Information Technology Commission quashes rumors that free net-based apps such as Tango and Whatsapp would be blocked.
Iran's economy is more diversified than that of the UAE, according to the IIF. (Shutterstock)
09:37 GMT
Washington-based Institute of International Finance expects Iran's economy to increase by six percent in 2016, compared to MENA's combined growth projection of three percent.
Jordan's Google images now joins MENA landmarks Dubai's Burj Khalifa, Egypt's Pyramids of Giza, Abu Dhabi's Liwa Desert and Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque. (Engadget)
09:02 GMT
Petra and the Dead Sea are some of Jordan's wonders now available as part of Google's Street View Special Collects.
Industry experts are moving quickly to seal deals with Egypt. (Shutterstock)
06:16 GMT
Egypt's major gas discovery may lead to future self-sufficiency, but in the immediate term, Israel may still meet Cairo's needs.
Bilateral trade volume  between Jordan and the UAE exceeded $1B last year. (Ciel Voyages)
05:51 GMT
Officials from the UAE are headed to Amman this week for the first bilateral economic forum aimed at exploring ways to boost investment opportunities between the two countries.
When it comes to credit card offerings, the range of options entails a close eye on benefits and fees. (Pixabay)
05:00 GMT
Ask the right questions and make informed choices when it comes to selecting and maintaining a credit card.
Arrive early for set up and be less intimidating by standing in front of, or beside the table. (LinkedIn)
05:00 GMT
With so many people to meet and greet, it pays to prepare for job fairs in advance.
Emirates group is exploring the possibility of using driverless cars to transport parts between the hangars. (Wikipedia)
00:23 GMT
Emirates, the world’s biggest airline by international passenger traffic, conducted a trial using a drone to inspect an aircraft earlier this year and is now looking at using driverless cars as it explores new ways to improve efficiency.
Though GCC governments depend heavily on oil revenue, declining oil prices are pressuring them to diversify their sources of revenue. (Al Bawaba/File)
00:03 GMT
With the current oil price being lower than the breakeven oil prices, the fiscal surplus of GCC countries, which stood at 4.6 per cent of the combined gross domestic product in 2014, is expected to turn into deficit to the tune of 7.9 per cent of GDP in 2015.

November 23, 2015

Lulu Group is a hypermarket chain based in Abu Dhabi. (Wikimapia)
23:26 GMT
Middle Eastern retail major Lulu Group is in the final stages of starting its operations in Malaysia with the first hypermarket slated to open in February 2016 in Kuala Lumpur city (Jalan Munshi Abdullah), the company said in a press statement.
The initiative provides scholarships to 2000 Egyptian students. (Twitter)
14:00 GMT
The first 250 out of a projected 2000 trainees have graduated from the online initiative, which aims to empower Egyptian youth while boosting Arabic online content.
Saudi Arabia's booming hospitality market is a big draw for luxury hoteliers. (Facebook)
13:24 GMT
Jumeirah, part of Dubai Holding, has 23 hotels across the globe but plans 100 hotels by 2020, with Saudi Arabia being top priority.
The cheekily named free app was created by an Iranian university student. The Emad missile. (Today in Pakistan)
12:54 GMT
University student Arshia Badi created the free app for Android, which has pictures and descriptions of Iran's missiles.
The workshop also focused on implementing standards to prevent the exploitation of the charity sector to finance terrorist activities. (Shutterstock)
12:36 GMT
International delegates convened under the theme of 'Charitable Donations; Combating the Financing of Terrorism and Violent Extremism'.
The figure of three billion barrels of oil and refined products stored, while technically accurate, is still misleading. (Shutterstock)
11:03 GMT
Despite the high volume of crude petroleum and refined products being stored by oil firms globally, these numbers be understood in context.
Wuzzuf is in partnership with 5000 companies and has helped 55,000 people find jobs via its website. (Facebook)
10:19 GMT
Following a two billion dollar investment, plans to reach one million users by 2020, with ambitious expansion plans in the UAE and Saudi Arabia.
Turhan argues that Islamic finance has a part to play in supporting infrastructure in emerging markets. (Pixabay)
09:36 GMT
The instruments of Islamic finance offer a more secure approach to debt than western finance, according to a Turkish economist and parliamentarian.
Yemen is the lowest-ranked country on the index, but Egypt has not shown any improvement in the political empowerment of women since 2006. (Pixgood)
09:04 GMT
Can you guess which MENA country nabbed a spot among the worst countries for women's empowerment?
A strike by oil and gas trade unions was averted after successful negotiations. (
08:00 GMT
Companies must find new ways to cope with the oil slump without firing local staff, as previously laid-off workers return to their jobs.
In addition to personal recommendations, look at independent experiences that are similar to your needs. (File photo)
07:00 GMT
It's easy to rely on friends or family for financial advice, but the wealth of information available online should also inform your decision making.
The new EU guidelines on labeling products made in Israeli settlements has been met with anger by the Jewish community in Germany. (CPP Luxury)
05:42 GMT
The Berlin department store bows to pressure over pulling its settlement-produced wines off the shelf on Saturday.
Working in a team improves personal communication skills and helps exchange of information. (Shutterstock)
05:00 GMT
Fostering a spirit of teamwork is beneficial for your career as well as for the company. Here's why.

November 22, 2015

House sales to foreigners in Turkey increased 19 per cent year-on-year in the first nine months of 2015. Image used for illustrative purposes. (AFP/File)
23:00 GMT
Investors from the Gulf Cooperation Council are among the biggest international investors in Turkey’s real estate market.
Our aim is to celebrate the last oil barrel we export because we will be prepared for that day when it comes," said Sheikh Shaikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. (Al Bawaba/File)
21:03 GMT
The UAE announced a plan to invest over Dh300 billion ($81.7 billion) and includes new national policies in legislation, investment, technology, education and finance. Its goal is to build a vibrant knowledge economy in the UAE.
The International Finance Corporation is a member of the World Bank Group. (Al Bawaba/File)
20:22 GMT
Dubai-based e-commerce retailer has received $27m in funding from the International Finance Corporation – a member of the World Bank Group – and the IFC Asset Management Company.
Roughly 416.9 million people in the Middle East and Africa currently use the internet at least once per month. That figure is expected to rise to 575 million by 2019. (Al Bawaba/File)
20:04 GMT
Beirut In, a leading online solutions agency in the Middle East, says that digital marketing provides a glimpse of what the future would look like for SMEs in the region.
Legoland Dubai will open in October 2016. (Legoland)
12:32 GMT
With new players entering the UAE's leisure market, the industry is pressing ahead with plans to become an international entertainment destination, but there will be challenges.
Use social media and apps to help you achieve your fitness goals.
11:59 GMT
As winter closes in, use these apps to get motivated and get off the couch.
Tackling unemployment also requires educational reform, according to Shaikh Mohammad. (
11:31 GMT
World Bank figures report that 54 percent of MENA youth and seventy-five percent of MENA women were unemployed, placing pressure on Arab governments to find a solution.
Analysts are watching how the Chinese Yuan and the Saudi Riyal will perform against the US dollar in 2016. (File photo)
10:51 GMT
A new Bank of America Merrill Lynch report warns that $30 per barrel oil prices could accelerate the drain on Saudi's foreign reserves, which have already been falling at a rapid rate.
Stars of Science will return next year for Season 8, and will accept applicants aged 18-35 years old. (MBC)
10:19 GMT
Judges and television viewers voted the Yaman Abou Jieb as the winner of the edutainment show, supported by the Qatar Foundation.
Low oil prices require spending cuts, but half of Oman's government spending relates to wages and subsidies. (File photo)
10:01 GMT
Negative outlook for Oman as Standard & Poor cuts the sultanate's ratings from A- to BBB+ in light of widening deficit.
Fight the guilt about not being able to give 100 percent to everything you do. (Shutterstock)
09:37 GMT
Meeting the demands of your career and personal life will always entail some juggling, but it's about setting priorities and taking care of yourself.
When growing your investments, there are always risks involved. (Shutterstock)
09:08 GMT
How you manage your money can affect your quality of life. Here are eight essential financial basics.
Saudi Arabia is hoping that the new tax will bring housing prices down as more properties are developed. (Ventures on Site)
08:48 GMT
A new tax on undeveloped land will rake in an estimated $50 billion and is intended to force land owners to fully develop land and solve the housing shortage.
The US TSA committee banned the transportation of commodities on passenger airplanes and mandated commodities to remain in Cairo Airport for 48 hours and in the transit country for another 48 hours. (Google+)
06:35 GMT
EgyptAir will prohibit the transport of goods on its passenger aircraft to London and the US, in a move prompted by the US Transport Security Administration after the Russian air crash.
A model rendering of the completed Grand Renaissance Dam. (
06:03 GMT
The 10th round of negotiations between Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia have been pushed back again, as construction presses ahead.
Kaufhaus Des Westens (KaDeWe) is Europe's largest department store. (Redjon)
05:48 GMT
Berlin's KaDeWe has removed wines produced in Israeli settlements in keeping with new EU product labeling guidelines, prompting criticism from the country's Jewish community.

November 19, 2015

The list was selected from the Forbes Global 2000 companies. (Twitter)
22:30 GMT
Forbes Middle East unveils its list of Top 100 Executives in the Middle East.
King Fahad National Library, the largest library in the Middle East, was recognized as an innovative, flexible, and environmentally-friendly building. (Twitter)
21:57 GMT
The Riyadh-based King Fahad National Library (KFNL) was picked as the best architectural work in 2015 by global A+Award program, according to an online report.
"We believe stock selection (rather than market selection) is becoming more crucial and advocate a focus on quality and mispriced opportunities," advised expert Hootan Yazhari, noting that multiple MENA markets offer strong opportunities. (Al Bawaba/File)
18:12 GMT
GCC equity markets are looking increasingly attractive after the broad based sell off since the summer.
Palestinians are currently limited to 2G technology, while Israeli settlers have access to 3G. (Al Bawaba/File)
16:41 GMT
Israel and the Palestinian Authority on Thursday signed an agreement to enable long-awaited 3G mobile access in the occupied Palestinian territory.
Fans are gearing up for next month's Dubai Rugby Sevens. 2003, 2006, 2008 and 2014 winners South Africa. (Gulf Luxury)
14:00 GMT
The sports industry accounts for 0.8 per cent of Dubai's GDP and employs roughly 14,500 people, according to Deloitte’s Sports Business Group.
Since Opec decided against reducing production in November 2014, global oil demand has recovered strongly according to Barclays. (Shutterstock)
13:30 GMT
Barclays' bullish forecast for rising oil prices is cause for optimism, with the UAE's energy minister standing by OPEC's decision to continue production.
The head of the World Bank Global Islamic Finance Development Center says that it's possible for emerging markets to make use of other countries for international issuance, even when the domestic legal conditions are not there. (Twitter)
13:00 GMT
A World Bank expert has told G20 participants that emerging markets can easily harness international Islamic finance by establishing correct legal structures.
The education sector was followed by the oil and gas industry as the hardest hit sectors fro growth in the UAE. (UAE Interact)
11:00 GMT
The Monster Employment Index has revealed that while banking, telecoms and financial services saw 30 percent year on year growth, education has suffered a 22 percent slowdown.
A tunnel in King Abdullah Street, Jeddah during the 2009 flood which killed 122 people with over 350 reported missing. (Wikipedia)
11:00 GMT
As parts of the country recover from heavy flooding that killed eight people, an environmental expert warns that the Kingdom's dams can't hold floodwaters due to poor maintenance.