Iran nuclear talks go into overtime, deadline extended
Back at home, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani is facing pressure from hard-liners not to release too much to reach a deal, and to deliver on a promise to lift sanctions. (AFP/File)
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The United States abandoned late Tuesday a midnight deadline to agree the outlines of a nuclear deal with Iran but insisted that “enough progress” merited extending marathon talks into Wednesday.
“We’ve made enough progress in the last days to merit staying until Wednesday. There are several difficult issues still remaining,” State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf said.
The announcement came late on a sixth day of talks in Switzerland aimed at laying the groundwork for a deal that world powers hope will prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons under the guise of its civilian program.
Officials said earlier Tuesday they hoped to wrap up the talks by the deadline with a joint general statement agreeing to start a new phase of negotiations to curb Iran’s nuclear program. That statement would be accompanied by more detailed documents that would include technical information on understandings of steps required on all sides to resolve outstanding concerns.
The stakes are high, with fears that failure to reach a deal may set the United States and Israel on a road to military action to thwart Iran’s nuclear drive, which Tehran says is purely peaceful.
Earlier Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi left the crunch talks inLausanne as his French counterpart Laurent Fabius said the negotiations were “complicated ... long and difficult.”
A German diplomatic source also said the talks were “difficult” with a “changeable atmosphere” and “frequent breaks to negotiate in smaller groups.”
A Western diplomat said the army of technical and sanctions experts would continue plugging away “for [the] next hours. All parties [are] working hard and [are] committed to finding a solution.” Senior Iranian negotiator Hamid Baidinejad said: “The negotiations will end when solutions have been found ... We are ready to continue. We are not watching the clock.”
The return earlier to Lausanne of Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov had brought a ray of optimism, with the official having said in Moscow before leaving that the chances of an accord were “high.”
Under a deal to be finalized by June 30, the powers want Iran to scale back its nuclear program to give the world ample notice of any dash to make the bomb by extending the so-called “breakout” time.
In return, the Islamic Republic is demanding the lifting of sanctions that have strangled its economy.
But the question is how much detail will be in the framework accord that Iran and the six powers – the U.S., China, Russia, Britain, France and Germany – want to leave Lausanne having secured.
If it falls short of firm commitments by Iran, then U.S. President Barack Obama will find it hard to fend off attempts by his Republican opponents to pass fresh sanctions on Tehran.
Iran’s negotiators are also under pressure from their own domestic hard-liners not to give too much away and for President Hassan Rouhani to deliver on his promises to secure the lifting of sanctions.
Fresh U.S. sanctions could therefore torpedo the whole negotiating process that was launched after Rouhani became president in 2013.
Republicans fear that since some of its nuclear infrastructure will likely stay intact, Iran will still be able to get the bomb – a concern shared by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, whose country is widely assumed to have nuclear weapons itself.
“The greatest threat to our security and our future was and remains Iran’s attempt to be armed with nuclear weapons. The agreement being formulated in Lausanne paves the way to that goal,” Netanyahu told parliament.
“We will do everything to protect our security and our future,” he said in his third attack on the nuclear talks with Iran in as many days.
Saudi Arabia, which has led an Arab coalition bombing Iran-backed rebels in Yemen in recent days, is also alarmed by what is unfolding in Lausanne.
Its Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal called on the six powers not to “short-circuit the interests of the states of the region by dangling before Iran benefits that it will not be able to reap without cooperation with the countries of the region.”
Some areas of the mooted deal, including the future size of Iran’s uranium enrichment capacity – a process for making nuclear fuel but also the core of an atomic bomb – appear to have been tentatively sewn up. But the two sides still appear wide apart on other areas, including what to do with Iran’s stockpiles of nuclear material and the pace at which sanctions would be eased.
The six powers are only prepared to suspend sanctions, not terminate them, in order to be able to put them back into place if Tehran violates the deal.
Other tricky issues include the duration of any accord, with Iran resisting demands by the powers to submit to ultra-tight inspections by the U.N. atomic watchdog for at least a decade.