Syrian army, Hezbollah retake rebel-held town near Damascus
Clashes between rebels and regime forces have destroyed the neighborhoods near Sayeda Zainab (Courtesy of Voice of America)
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Troops backed by Lebanese Shiite Hezbollah fighters and other pro-regime militiamen on Thursday retook Sbeineh, a major rebel enclave south of Damascus, a monitoring group and state television said.
“Sbeineh was one of the most important rebel positions on Damascus’ outskirts. Rebels in southern Damascus have now had practically all their supply routes cut off,” Agence France-Presse quoted the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights director Rami Abdel Rahman as saying.
Meanwhile, state television also reported the takeover.
“Our brave army has taken control of... the Sbeineh (area)... and (the nearby village) of Ghazalah in Damascus province after crushing the last terrorist positions there,” said the broadcaster, using the regime’s terminology to refer to rebels.
The takeover of Sbeineh, a rear base for rebels in southern Damascus, comes a year into a suffocating army siege of the town.
It also comes nine days into an intense campaign aimed at cutting off one of the main rebel supply lines into southern Damascus, said the Britain-based Observatory.
“The army was backed by fighters from Hezbollah, the pro-regime paramilitary National Defence Force as well as Syrian and non-Syrian Shiite fighters from the Abul Fadl al-Abbas brigade,” Abdel Rahman added.
“There are fears for the lives of civilians in Sbeineh. Experience tells us that the army may well execute civilians and put the blame on rebels,” he said.
The takeover of Sbeineh comes weeks after the fall from rebel hands of nearby Husseiniyeh, Ziabiyeh and Bweida.
An activist based east of Damascus said the army “is definitely advancing. It is because the areas have been under siege for such a long time. It’s natural.”
Abdel Rahman also attributed “divisions among the rebels” for the army’s recent advances.
He said both sides suffered heavy losses in the fighting, and that “the fight south of Damascus is more sectarian than elsewhere.”
Sayida Zainab, a district where a Shiite shrine is located, has also been used by Iran-backed Lebanese Shiite group, Hezbollah and Iraqi fighters as a base to deploy in southern Damascus.
Assad’s regime has waged an intense campaign for months to try to secure the capital by crushing rebel enclaves nearby.
Meanwhile, Syrian claiming control over Sbeineh comes after the Free Syrian Army seized some parts of a large ammunition warehouse following clashes that lasted for more than two weeks with the Syrian forces, the Observatory reported on Wednesday.
The depot, which houses one of Syria’s biggest weapons stockpiles, fell under FSA’s control after more than 50 rebel fighters and 20 Syrian regime loyalists were killed in Tuesday’s battle, the Observatory said.
Fighters from al-Nusra Front and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) -- both linked to al-Qaeda -- and the al-Khadraa and Baba Amr Commandos battalions “took over buildings of an army weapons depot near Mahin,” it added.
The rebels “seized a large amount of weapons” in the complex, which includes some 30 buildings, it added.
However, a Syrian security official in Damascus, spoke to AFP on the condition of anonymity, denied that FSA has advanced or seized the arms depot.
The fighting was still under way, he added.
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