UNICEF releases groundbreaking report card on child protection
While progress is being made in reducing some
violations of children’s rights, not enough is yet known about the extent
of abuses against children. Violence and exploitation remain a harsh
reality in the lives of many children around the world.
Millions of boys and girls around the world are subject to trafficking, are
without parental care, or lack documentation they need to attend school and
access basic health care. Millions more are forced to work under harmful
conditions, while others face violence or abuse in their homes, in their
schools, in their communities, in institutions or while in detention, often
from the adult entrusted with their care.
These issues are reviewed in a new UNICEF report -- “Progress for Children:
A Report Card on Child Protection,” -- released by UNICEF Executive
Director Ann M. Veneman in Tokyo today.
Children in such circumstances are experiencing fundamental infringements
of their human rights, and suffering physical and psychological harm that
has wide-reaching and sometimes irreparable effects.
“A society cannot thrive if its youngest members are forced into early
marriage, abused as sex workers or denied their basic rights,” said
Veneman. “Understanding the extent of abuses of children’s rights is a
first step to building an environment where children are protected and have
the opportunity to reach their full potential.”
The report gathers together for the first time data on a range of issues
that impact on children, including sexual abuse and trafficking, child
marriage, physical punishment of children, child labour, birth
registration, the harmful traditional practice of female genital cutting,
and attitudes toward violence against women inside marriage.
Some abuses – such as sexual exploitation and trafficking – are usually
committed in conditions of secrecy and illegality, which makes collection
of accurate data challenging.
Where data are available, some progress is evident. For example, the data
shows that in Bangladesh, Guinea and Nepal – three countries where child
marriage is prevalent – the median age of marriage is rising, although it
is still below 18 years of age. The report also identifies a slow decline
in female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in countries where such abuse
Included in the report’s findings are:
· More than half the children in detention worldwide have not been
tried or sentenced.
· In some parts of the world, the births of two out of three children
were not registered in 2007. In Somalia and Liberia less than 5 per
cent of births are registered. Birth registration is an important
element in building a protective environment for children for a range
of reasons, including that without a birth certificate they are more
vulnerable to sexual exploitation, trafficking and illegal adoption.
· More than 150 million children between 5 and 14 years of age are
engaged in child labour. Child labour is often both a result and a
source of poverty. It can compromise a child’s education and
perpetuate the poverty that pushed them into the workforce.
· More than half of women and girls in developing countries think that
wife-beating is acceptable and, younger women are as likely to
justify wife-beating as older women. In most regions, neglecting the
children is the most commonly cited justification for wife-beating.
The report also offers a strategy to improve child protection, identifying
five areas of activity that are needed to improve protective environments
for children: 1) improving child protection systems; 2) promoting social
change; 3) enhancing protection in emergencies; 4) strengthening
partnerships for greater impact; and 5) collecting reliable data and using
such data to achieve concrete results for children.
“This report on harmful practices and abuse of children comes just six
weeks before the 20th Anniversary of the Convention of the Rights of the
Child,” said Veneman. “The evidence of continuing harm and abuse must
inspire the world to greater effort to guarantee the rights of all