How has Egypt 'changed' since the conditions were ripe for a revolution nearly 60 years ago?
The First Ouster: of that first unwanted Pharoah, King Farouk.
Egypt's monarchy, by the time of this revolution, had started to stand for corruption scandals and decadent living, with a growing gap between the rich landowners (including the King) and the general masses.
Led by Gamal Abdel Nasser the second President of Egypt from 1956, along with Muhammad Naguib, the first president, this Revolution of July 1952 overthrew the monarchy of Egypt and Sudan, and heralded a new period of modernization, and socialist reform in Egypt, together with a profound advancement of pan-Arab nationalism, including a short-lived union with Syria.
Nasser shared power and wealth more equally with all elements of the population and encouraged education for the masses.
Since 1948 there have been 4 wars between Egypt and Isarel: one pre-Revolution of '52 and the others during Nasser's reign. Nasser's near victories with the Zionist neighbor compensated for Farouk's out-and-out defeat by Israel.
Though Mubarak's era was marked by peace and no wars or insecurity for the people, the conditions that led to a call for change existed, and poltical freedoms topped the agenda in a reign that was characterized by political imprisonments and no free press.
The second Ouster: Husni Mubarak and his fat-cat regime
Almost 60 years on, and this time not headed up by the military but by the people in concert with the military, the President of the Republic was forced to step away, to pave the way to democracy.