Morocco faces various environmental problems, including several arising from natural hazards. The main difficulties arise from Morocco's dependency on water and the economy's vulnerability to climatic change. Morocco is now defined as a "water-stressed" country. Per capita supplies and water quality are declining, rural areas are poorly served with water, and there are substantial losses in both irrigation (which currently accounts for 85 percent of water use) and drinking water systems in urban areas. In addition, the country suffers from oil pollution of its coastal waters.
In attempting to solve these difficulties, Morocco has made some progress toward defining a national environmental action plan, but overall institutional awareness and coordination are weak. Morocco is, however, a party to various international agreements regarding environmental protection issues such as biodiversity, climate change, endangered species, marine dumping, marine life conservation, nuclear test ban, ozone layer protection, protection of world cultural and natural heritage and the protection of the wetlands. It has also signed agreements for the establishment of a General Fisheries Council for the Mediterranean and of a Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Near East. In addition, Morocco has signed but not ratified further agreements on desertification, environmental modification and the law of the sea.
Some exemption from taxes and other duties have been made available for persons and entities promoting or implementing environmental protection.
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