A Chinese shipyard has delivered the first of 12 supertankers to Iran,  giving Tehran extra capacity to transport its oil to Asia  as it struggles against Western sanctions , but it is unclear if the ship has the permits necessary to call at global ports .
Asian countries including China, India and South Korea are among Iran’s biggest oil customers, but, to get around a European Union ban on shipping insurance imposed since July 1, they must use the fleet of the National Iranian Tanker Co (NITC) to bring the crude home.
Shipments, however, have become unpredictable as NITC’s limited shipping capacity is overstretched, and industry sources said the arrival of the 318,000 deadweight tonne "Panda" in the Gulf in early October may help ease the strain.
The very large crude carrier (VLCC) left Waigaoqiao Shipbuilding. It was initially due to sail to Iran  in May, but the sanctions delayed its delivery. A second vessel, the Souvenir, is conducting sea trials in China, but it is unclear when it would begin commercial operations.
"The first of Iran’s VLCCs is on its way to Iran. It is unclear how the tanker is being insured in light of the Western sanctions, but I’m sure Iran has found a way," said a Singapore-based oil shipping executive who declined to be named as he was not authorised to talk to the media.
Western insurers provide indemnity for the majority of the world’s tanker fleet. Western sanctions to pressure Tehran to halt its disputed nuclear programme have cut its crude exports by nearly half.