An Iraqi oil industry veteran, Dr Thamir Al Uqaili, says there is a general belief that the production plateau targets (PPTs) of the independent oil companies who have won contracts in Iraq are too ambitious and that export will face a marketing problem.
The exploration of Iraq's rich oil and gas fields will be under the spotlight during Iraq Energy Future 2010, a top meeting of oil executives and Iraqi energy regulators in Istanbul from 27-28 September, as global companies that have won contracts prepare to start the development of various fields. Dr Al Uqai li heads up a distinguished list of speakers and experts and will host a roundtable discussion at the event addressing operational challenges, opportunities, legislation, infrastructure and pipeline modernisation.
Common issues on different oil sitesA 30-year-old veteran of Iraqi oil companies such as the Iraq Petroleum Company, Basra Petroleum Company, Iraq National Oil Company, State Company of Oil Projects and the Iraq Drilling Company, Dr Uqaili comments on the challenges facing the IOC winners of the 1st and 2nd bid rounds as they prepare their teams and sites: "There are certainly common issues, mainly use of production surface facilities, export terminals in addition to achieving and maintaining the contracted plateaus 'PPTs' (production plateau targets)."
Maintaining field pressure and boosting production is a key area for the IOCs to solve as they get started, says Dr Al Uqaili: "The fields are multi-reservoir fields of different characters. The IOCs are evaluating the characteristics and requirements of each reservoir. The evaluation includes revising recoverable oil under water injection and may be other solutions, to be able not only to achieve the production plateau target but to maintain it for some seven years. "
According to Dr Al Uqaili there are several production or export facilities that need upgrading and expansion to ensure Iraq can export its output. "A new production centre like Hlafaya-Nahr-Umer-Majnoon down to the Fao sea terminal and removing the bottlenecks in the pipelines from Rumaila and Zubair depots to the Fao terminal", he continues, "as well as sea lines from Fao to the Basra sea terminal and installations of single buoy moorings (SBMs) in the Basra sea terminal".
He also believes that the current bottleneck in the Iraq-Turkey export pipeline must be removed and perhaps a third line constructed. Furthermore, should Iraq reach an agreement with Saudi Arabia, the Iraq Petroleum Saudi Arabia (IPSA) pipeline should be put into service. He continues:"There is the possibility of constructing a pipeline each to Kuwait and Jordan. Furthermore, we can resolve the current stalemate of the oil export from Kurdistan by using Iraq's transport transportation system."
Safety and security
"The main worries are security and political stability", says Dr Al Uqaili, "that may severely affect fulfillment of a reliable national integrated plan that includes other sectors beside the oil sector. This integrated plan has not been started yet."
High-level speakers at Iraq Future Energy 2010 include:
His Excellency Thamir Al Ghadhban, Chairman, Advisory Committee to the Prime Minister of Iraq, Former Oil MinisterMichael Townshend, President Iraq, BPDr Abdul Hadi Al Hassani, Vice Chairman, Oil and Gas Committee, Iraqi ParliamentBaroness Nicholson of Winterbourne, Executive Chairman, IBBC (Iraq Britain Business Council)Mounir Bouaziz, Vice President Commercial, New Business, LNG, Middle East and North Africa, Shell EP International