How the FIFA president is elected
FIFA has 209 member federations, and if all cast their ballot 140 votes are the two-thirds cut-off and 105 votes a 50 per cent majority
The new FIFA president, elected Friday from five candidates at an extraordinary congress of the ruling football body, needs a two-thirds majority in a first round of voting but a simple majority is enough in any following rounds of the secret ballot.
FIFA has 209 member federations, and if all cast their ballot 140 votes are the two-thirds cut-off and 105 votes a 50 per cent majority.
If no candidate is elected in the first round, the candidate with the least number of votes is eliminated from round two onwards until only two candidates are left. A simple majority is required in all these rounds.
According to the regulations, a secret ballot is mandatory even if there is only one candidate, but in that scenario a simple majority is enough in the first round.
One candidate, Jordan's Prince Ali Bin Al Huseein, has called on the Court of Arbitration for Sport to postpone the vote because he seeks the inclusion of independent scrutineers and use of transparent voting booths to ensure delegates do not photograph their ballot papers when they vote.
FIFA's ad hoc election committee, however, said delegates from the 209 voting nations should instead leave their mobile phones behind before entering the booths.
Each candidate is given 15 minutes ahead of the vote to address the congress and present his programme.
In order to become a candidate, applicants must have been active in association football for two of the five years before submitting their application.
Each candidate needs declarations of support from five FIFA member federations.
The application deadline was October 26, and applicants then underwent an integrity check by the FIFA ethics committee before the FIFA ad hoc electoral committee announced five candidates from eight applicants on November 12.
The ad hoc electoral committee, made up of the chairs of the FIFA disciplinary committee, appeal committee, and audit and compliance committee, oversees the whole process.
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