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The US dollar matters. It is the world’s reserve currency and the most traded currency in global currency markets. Oil is traded in US dollars, and many countries, especially in ...

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The US Dollar ($)

The US Dollar ($): In 1785, the United States began using its currency and modeled it after that of Spain. Different theories surround the origin of the $, but some experts have labeled the sign as an abbreviation for the word "peso." Pesos was expressed as "ps" and transformed into the "S" with one line through it as a short version of the "p." One other theory proposes the double stroke version represents an acronym for the United States by placing a short-hand "U" atop the "S."

The Euro (€)

The Euro (€): The euro became the only currency in member states in 2002. However, its origin can be traced to the Maastricht Treaty of 1991. As for the euro sign's origin, designers submitted their proposals, and a poll determined the winner and an eventual choice made by the European Commission. The Commission released a statement saying the Greek symbol epsilon inspired the sign for the euro. Epsilon is an "E" in English, representing the first letter of the word "Europe." The parallel lines across the epsilon reflect the stability of the currency.

The Pound Sterling (£)

The Pound Sterling (£): The pound sterling is used in Great Britain. The origins of the (£) pound sign can be linked back to "libra," the Latin term for scales or balances.

The Japanese Yen (¥)

The Japanese Yen (¥): The yen was adopted as Japan's official currency in May 1871. The word "yen" is pronounced as "en" in Japanese. Yen translates to "round object," describing the shape of coins used by other countries. The "Y" used in the yen symbol may have been adopted due to the propensity of foreigners to pronounce the word "en" with a "y" preceding it.

The Swiss franc (CHF)

The Swiss franc (CHF): The Swiss (CHF) franc made its debut in 1798. The franc became the official currency of Switzerland in 1850. France was probably the country most often associated with francs, but now the Swiss franc is the only franc still issued. Literally, "franc" translates to 100 centimes, the French equivalent of the word "cent."

The Indian Rupee (₹)

The Indian Rupee (₹) : The (₹) Rupee is one of the oldest currencies in the world, with origins tracing back to the 6th century BCE. Before introducing the symbol in 2010, it was common to use Rs or Re when referring to rupees. The symbol was chosen after a contest between Indian citizens. The symbol has meaning imbued within it. For instance, the parallel lines at the top are a reference to the tricolor Indian flag. At the same time, it is designed to fit right alongside its famous brothers, easy to draw and understand like the dollar and euro signs.

The Australian Dollar (AU$)

The Australian Dollar (AU$): The Australian dollar is a young currency. It was introduced in its current form in 1966 after conversion from the use of pounds. Several names were proposed for the new currency, including the “boomer”, the “kanga”, the "roo", and the “royal”.

The Canadian dollar (C$)

The Canadian dollar (C$): In 1841, one Canadian pound was equal to four U.S. dollars. Recently, the Canadian dollar and the U.S. dollar have been trading at or near par. The Canadian dollar is often denoted as C$ to differentiate it from other dollar denominations.

The Swedish krona (kr)

The Swedish krona (kr): Krona (kr) means "crown" in Swedish. The krona was adopted as Sweden's official currency in 1873. Sweden kept things simple by using "kr" as the currency's symbol.

The US Dollar ($)
The Euro (€)
The Pound Sterling (£)
The Japanese Yen (¥)
The Swiss franc (CHF)
The Indian Rupee (₹)
The Australian Dollar (AU$)
The Canadian dollar (C$)
The Swedish krona (kr)
1. McDonald’s

1. McDonald’s Who doesn’t know the big yellow M?! Famously known as the Golden Arches that symbolize this most prominent fast food chain. The McDonald’s logo is symbolic of the arches that were the substance of the newly-constructed architecture of the first franchised restaurant in 1952. The logo used two colors: the yellow and red; yellow représente the Golden Arches while the red represents the food industry.

2. Royal Dutch Shell

2. Royal Dutch Shell is one of the oldest brands, and its logo is among the oldest brand identities in the world. The Shell logo looks like a crown which is modified from the earlier shape of a mollusc shell. The shape of the Shell logo informs about its industry as oil and gas, and the logo uses red and yellow as primary colours in its brand. They were chosen for their connection with the Spanish flag since many people settled in California from Spain, and California was the central business area of Shell during its years of foundation.

3. Apple

3. Apple: It’s worth mentioning that Apple’s first logo did not represent the physical shape of an apple. The first Apple logo created by Ronald Wayne depicts Isaac Newton under an apple tree. Today, the world-renowned logo of the bitten apple was created by designer Rob Janoff. According to Janoff, the “bite” in the Apple logo was originally implemented so that people would know that it represented an apple, and not a cherry tomato. It also played on words (bite/byte), a fitting reference for a tech company.

4. Microsoft

4. Microsoft : Microsoft’s first logo was chosen by Bill Gates and Paul Allen and it was inspired by a programming language. It used a sans serif font and represented the 70s era. The recent one took place in 2012. This logo, still used today, is the creation of Microsoft employees after several meetings. The added the colorful symbol for the 1st time which made it so different from the other logos. Four squares of different colors form a window obviously a reminder of Windows–one of the important products of the company. According to some, the red square represents PowerPoint, the blue square Word, the green square for Excel and the yellow square for Outlook.

5. Google

5. Google: The search engine's very first logo actually predates the name "Google." Larry Page and Sergey Brin originally called their web crawler "BackRub." Brin and Page chose this name because the engine's main function was to search through the internet's back links. In 1997 they changed the name to Google, and the first official logo “Google!” was created in 1998. In 2015, designers from across Google met in New York City for a full week to produce a new logo and identity family" designed to work across multiple devices. This changed Google's logo dramatically. The company preserved its distinctive blue-red-orange-blue-green-red pattern, but changed the typeface to a modern, geometric sans-serif one called Product Sans, created in-house at Google. They also added the rainbow "G" used for smartphone app icon. The new logo was meant to look young, cool and dynamic.

6. Toyota

6. Toyota: Although Toyota has been one of the largest auto manufacturers in the world, the beginning of this empire was in the textile industry and was known as "Toyoda". In 1939, the first emblem of Toyota came as a result of a public competition. During this competition, the name "Toyota" was proposed to replace "Toyoda". The recent Toyota logo may appear relatively simple at first glance, however, it contains interesting and unique design elements. “The two perpendicular ovals inside the larger oval represent the heart of the customer and the heart of the company. They are overlapped to represent a mutually beneficial relationship and trust between each other. The overlapping of the two perpendicular ovals inside the outer oval symbolize “T” for Toyota, as well as a steering wheel, representing the vehicle itself. The outer oval symbolizes the world embracing Toyota. Each oval is contoured with different stroke thicknesses, similar to the “brush” art known in Japanese culture.”

7. Nissan

7. Nissan : Nissan inherited its first logo from its parent company, Datsun, known for its blue and red colors in 1984. In 1988 blue was replaced by gray and the red circle turned silver. Today, the Nissan logo has changed completely! Nissan has transformed its logo to make it more compatible with the digital number on the Nissan Ariya EV 2022. Nissan announced its change of logo in the wake of similar decisions from Volkswagen and BMW. The new logo has an incomplete circle with a small gap where the Nissan name bisects it, contrary to the old logo's outer solid ring, it also has additional spacing of the lettering.

8. Lacoste

8. Lacoste : A love for the game, a passion for innovation and a certain French elegance. Since 1933, the story of Lacoste has mirrored that of its founder, René Lacoste, the French tennis legend who revolutionized the everyday wardrobe. After a Davis Cup match in Boston, an American journalist baptizes René Lacoste “The Alligator” in reference to a bet between the tennis player and his coach over a crocodile suitcase. Artist Robert George brought the crocodile logo to life in 1927.

9. Boeing

9. Boeing : The original logo of the company was designed in the 1920s and was composed of three different badges. The first one was a detailed image of the bird, flying to the East, with an arrow above it, where the wordmark was located. It was a symbol of speed and freedom. In 1997 Boeing merged with McDonnell Douglas company and the logo was redesigned, combining visual identities of both companies. The strong logotype adopted an elegant and unique emblem, a circle with a stylized wing on its right and a ring around it. The current logo is executed in a blue and gray color palette, where the blue is used for the lettering and gray for the emblem, the combination of colors perfectly reflects the company’s essence and nature, symbolizing air, speed, and safety.

10. Samsung

10. Samsung: Samsung's first logo had a distinctive three star pattern which reflected the origin of the brand’s name, which means “tri-star” in the Korean language. The latter version of the logo which was created in 1993 replaced it with the now-familiar bold sans serif letters inside a blue ellipse that reads Samsung. The three stars have disappeared, but connection with space still remains, as the oval symbolizes shape of our universe, top of letter “S” is designed as if it is spilling to the outer space, and the same holds true for bottom part of “G” which symbolizes Samsung as something open to the whole world with confident blue color which is the color of ocean and sky. The iconic “A” without the horizontal bar, it was left transparent against any bright background. In 2005, they removed the ellipse, but both logos are still being used.

1. McDonald’s
2. Royal Dutch Shell
3. Apple
4. Microsoft
5. Google
6. Toyota
7. Nissan
8. Lacoste
9. Boeing
10. Samsung
1. Bassma Boussel Cosmetics

Bassma Boussel Cosmetics Founded by the Moroccan artist Bassma Boussel, who joined season 6 of star academy and is married to the pop star Tamer Hosni, Basma founded her signature cosmetics brand reintroducing renowned Moroccan oils and unique skin care minerals into daily use products. Basma is also a fashion designer, her ready-to-wear and bridal collections characterize global glamour by offering women her innate fashion sense, style and understanding of what looks and feels beautiful.

2. Rivage

Rivage, The salt, mud and water of the Dead Sea contains 23 minerals, 12 of which do not exist in any other sea in the world offering unique ingredients for skin products. Founded in 1996, Rivage produces skincare and hair blends from the unique minerals of the Dead Sea for all skin and hair types.

3. Camel Soap Factory

The Camel Soap Factory is an award-winning brand, based in Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. What started as a kitchen-based adventure for the founder Stevi Lowmass, has quickly grown to become a leading UAE skincare brand with loyal customers across the globe. Camel Soap Factory is now the world’s largest producer of camel milk-based skincare products with a wide range of handcrafted soaps.

4. Sophia Beirut

Sophia Beirut is a fashion label that came to life in 2016. In an attempt to make earrings for her friend, the designer Sophia created what she didn’t know would be the first piece of her collection. She gathered her inspiration from all things beautiful around her, such as travels, people, nature, timeless icons and indigenous artwork. Every Sophia Beirut piece is intricately handcrafted from carefully curated, top quality materials that are sourced from various cities. The focus of each collection is the wonderful women who find a connection with the brand; the modern women with a timeless style.

5. Amina's Natural Skincare

This colored with care brand was created in2000, inspired by a mother’s love for her son who suffered from severe eczema, and her obsession with soothing it. This mother enlarged her love to encompass all children and protect them from the dangers of chemicals found in skincare products. Amina’s Natural skincare use organic ingredients in producing natural skincare products.

6. Izil Beauty

Izil Beauty’s inspiration came from the founder’s own geographically and ethnically diverse country, Morocco; a country with rich and unique heritage. Special beauty rituals are a great part of this rich heritage; that Moroccan women have perfected throughout generations, rituals that use natural products made from the finest ingredients provided by the nature around them. Izil reproduces these rituals through providing top notch natural skin products

7. Petra Orfali

Petra Orfali Established in Amman in 2008 by Jordanian designer Petra Orfalli, it brings together modernity and authenticity through offering simple yet elegant designs with an oriental spirit and modern touch. Petra Orfalli designs have been spreading throughout the Middle East and the states and are gaining more and more popularity around the world presenting the culture of the orient.

8. Beesline

Beesline offers skin products made with natural extracts & bee by-products. It uses the ancient science of Apitherapy (bee therapy) and its rich resources: Honey, Beeswax, Royal Jelly, Propolis, combined with fresh botanical extracts, to safely and effectively take care of the skin; thus providing a powerful alternative to chemical cosmetics.

9. Native Dubai

Native Dubai is a high-fashion leather accessory label launched by Indian-origin couple Rachna and Rahul Malkani and manufactured in UAE, blending exotic leathers with sophisticated designs.

10 Joelle Paris

Joelle Paris Established by the famous beauty expert Joelle who presented a makeover program on TV and gave beauty advice for over a decade. With her own unique vision for beauty, Joell created a signature range of beauty products, with help from a dedicated team of beauty experts and a pioneering Parisian laboratory.These products provide all what’s needed for hair and skin care.

1. Bassma Boussel Cosmetics
2. Rivage
3. Camel Soap Factory
4. Sophia Beirut
5. Amina's Natural Skincare
6. Izil Beauty
7. Petra Orfali
8. Beesline
9. Native Dubai
10 Joelle Paris
1. Mansour Group - Egypt

1. Mansour Group - Egypt: The group was founded by Loutfy Mansour. Egypt’s Mansour Group has operations in over 100 countries. It is run by the Mansour brothers: Yasseen, Mohammed, and Yousseff Mansour. All three are billionaires with a combined net worth of $7.4 billion.

2. Al-Futtaim Group - UAE

2. Al-Futtaim Group - UAE: the group was founded in the 1930s and expanded rapidly in the 1940s and 1950s becoming an integrated commercial, industrial, and services organization. Al-Futtaim Group employs over 44,000 people and operates eight divisions comprising automotive, electronics, insurance, services, real estate, retail, industries, and overseas. Al-Futtaim ranked #1001 on Forbes World’s Billionaires list 2020 with a net worth of $2.1 billion.

3. Olayan Group - KSA

3. Olayan Group - KSA: The group was founded in 1947 by Suliman S. Olayan. The Olayan Group built its foundations in contracting and commerce in Saudi Arabia. The family owns 4.93% of Swiss bank Credit Suisse, and 18.24% of the Saudi British Bank. Real estate assets include 550 Madison Avenue in New York City, Knightsbridge Estate in London, and the Hotel Ritz in Madrid, as well as office, retail, and residential assets in Paris’s 8th Arrondissement.

4. Majid Al Futtaim - UAE

4. Majid Al Futtaim - UAE: Majid Al Futtaim Holding (MAF) was founded in 1992 by the billionaire Majid Al Futtaim. The retailing and entertainment behemoth currently owns and operates 27 shopping malls and 13 hotels. Majid Al Futtaim ranked #590 on Forbes World’s Billionaires list 2020 with a net worth of $3.3 billion.

5. Rashed Abdul Rahman Al Rashed & Sons Group - KSA

5. Rashed Abdul Rahman AlRashed & Sons Group - KSA: The group is a dynamic, leading conglomerate in Saudi Arabia. Founded in 1950 by Rashed Al Rashed. The group has 26 wholly-owned companies. It operates in seven business areas, including building materials, cement, and bulk materials, finishing materials, real estate, contracting, industrial products, automotive products, and food products.

6. Abdul Latif Jameel Group - KSA

6. Abdul Latif Jameel Group- KSA: The group was founded in Jeddah in 1945 by Abdul Latif Jameel as a small trading business. Ten years later, the group was appointed as a Toyota distributor and built the largest vehicle distribution network in the Kingdom. Its core operations are mainly in transportation, engineering and manufacturing, financial services, land and real estate, energy and environmental services, consumer products, and advertising and media sectors. The group has grown through various investments and acquisitions.

7. Al Ghurair - UAE

7. Al Ghurair - UAE: Al Ghurair’s portfolio includes Al Ghurair Properties, which manages several residential, office, street retail, industrial, and hospitality businesses. It established the Al Ghurair Centre in 1982, the first shopping mall in the MENA region. Al Ghurair Foods, operates the largest poultry farm in the U.A.E. and produces flour, semolina, and oats. Billionaire Abdulla Al Ghurair owns the holding company and founded Mashreq Bank, the largest private sector bank in the U.A.E. Founder, Abdulla Al Ghurair ranked #494 on Forbes World’s Billionaires List 2020 with a net worth of $3.7 billion.

8. Alghanim Industries - Kuwait

8. Alghanim Industries - Kuwait: It was founded by Yusuf Alghanim in 1932. Yusuf was a founding member of the Commercial Bank of Kuwait, the Kuwait National Petroleum Company, and the Kuwait Pipes Company. Today the group has over 30 businesses in six key segments—automotive, engineering, food, and beverage, industrial, consumer, and services. Among the famous brands under its portfolio are Costa Coffee, Wendy’s, GM, and Ford. Executive chairman Kutayba Alghanim is a billionaire, with a fortune worth $1.3 billion.

9. Al Ghurair Group - UAE

9. Al Ghurair Group - UAE: The group was founded by Saif Ahmed Al Ghurair in 1960. The BurJuman Centre in Bur Dubai is the group’s flagship property under its real estate portfolio. Its petrochemical business, Taghleef Industries, is among the largest global manufacturers of biaxially oriented polypropylene film used in food packaging. The group is also involved in metal manufacturing through Al Ghurair Iron and Steel, a producer of hot-dipped galvanized steel.

10. Zamil Group Holding - KSA

10. Zamil Group Holding - KSA: The group’s founder, Abdullah Hamad Al Zamil, first established his trade and services business in Bahrain in 1920. Today, Al Zamil Group owns shares of two publicly listed companies on Saudi Stock Exchange, Zamil Industrial and Sahara petrochemical. Zamil Industrial became the first family-owned company in Saudi Arabia to be listed on the Saudi Stock Exchange in 2002.

1. Mansour Group - Egypt
2. Al-Futtaim Group - UAE
3. Olayan Group - KSA
4. Majid Al Futtaim - UAE
5. Rashed Abdul Rahman Al Rashed & Sons Group - KSA
6. Abdul Latif Jameel Group - KSA
7. Al Ghurair - UAE
8. Alghanim Industries - Kuwait
9. Al Ghurair Group - UAE
10. Zamil Group Holding - KSA
1. Emirates Airlines:

Emirates Airlines: Emirates Airlines, which employs more than 38 thousand employees, decided to temporarily reduce basic salaries by rates ranging between 25 and 50 percent for the majority of its employees in the month of March, and many employees were dismissed as they saw that their jobs became redundant, and the company received In the period of suspension, half a million requests for refund of canceled trip money were canceled. It is worth noting that the company received government support to avoid losses and also resorted to borrowing from foreign banks. However, despite this, the company stated that it will not fully recover from the losses until 2024.

2. Etihad Airways

Etihad Airways: Due to COVID-19 outbreak, Etihad Airways has laid off hundreds of employees, including cabin crews after the forced lockdown and suspension of flights. The company also reduced salaries, as executives, pilots and engineers received 50% of their basic salaries, while cabin crews received 25%.

3. British Airways

British Airways: The national carrier in the United Kingdom is the largest airline in the Kingdom and the third largest airline in Europe. The company announced its plan to lay off 12,000 employees due to the repercussions of the COVID-19 outbreak, despite receiving aid from the British government to support salaries. Currently, the company reinstates a number of its employees, but with lower salaries, as the company requires the employees to renew the contracts to reduce their salaries between 50% and 75%. Those who refuse to sign the new contract will be fired.

4. Qatar Airways

Qatar Airways: the company laid off at least 20% of its employees and reduced the salaries of the oldest foreign pilots by 25%, and the salaries of others by 15%. It also suspended the operation of the Airbus A380 aircraft until late 2021. In March, the airline was still operating flights to 170 destinations on 234 aircraft. Today, it is only operating to 35 destinations.

5. Royal Moroccan Airlines

Royal Moroccan Airlines: It is the official carrier in Morocco, and one of the largest airlines in Africa. Royal Moroccan Airlines is awaiting an agreement with the state that will revive its budget so that it can fly again. At the same time, it is looking to reach an agreement with its employees that will lead to a reduction in wages or a reduction in their number. It is worth noting that the company's activity decreased 60% last March and 100% last April, and the company's losses reached $5 million per day. Its CEO, Abdelhamid Addou, expected that it would take about 3 years to return to the level of activity of last year.

6. Kuwait Airways

Kuwait Airways: It is the official carrier in Kuwait. Due to the pandemic, the company laid off 1500 employees. The process excluded Kuwaitis, GCC nationals, and those married to Kuwaitis or Kuwaiti women.

7. Lufthansa Airline

Lufthansa Airline: Lufthansa is the largest German airline with flights to 18 domestic destinations and 197 international destinations in 78 countries across Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe. The company intends to terminate around 26,000 employees. The company also closed one of its subsidiaries with layoffs of 1,200 employees. The company was mulling filing for bankruptcy until Lufthansa shareholders approved a nine billion euro ($10 billion) government bailout package to protect the future of the German carrier, after it nearly collapsed by the Covid-19 pandemic.

8. Thai Airways

Thai Airways: It is the official carrier of Thailand. The company filed for bankruptcy in order to prepare a restructuring plan. As a result, the company will not receive financial assistance from the government and its 20,000 employees will not be laid off.

1. Emirates Airlines:
2. Etihad Airways
3. British Airways
4. Qatar Airways
5. Royal Moroccan Airlines
6. Kuwait Airways
7. Lufthansa Airline
8. Thai Airways

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