Countries across the globe rely heavily on exports to strengthen their economies. The Arab World is no different. While we all know that oil plays a major role in the GCC’s export sector, there are also other products that are just as important.
Here are the major exports of the 22 Arab countries:
Algeria’s top exports include, mineral fuels, fertilizers and inorganic chemicals. Iron and steel are also among the top exports, and their exports surged the most from 2018 to 2019.
One of the major exporters of oil in the Arab world is Bahrain. In 2018, mineral fuels exports accounted for 48% of the country’s total exports. Aluminum, ores, iron and steel are also among the country’s top exports.
Among the country’s major exports are sheep and goats, in addition to coffee.
Natural gas, ready-made clothes, cotton textiles, and medical products are among the most exported products in Egypt. In 2019, Egypt became the world’s largest orange exporter as it exported around 1.8M tons of oranges.
Iraq is among the top Middle Eastern countries when it comes to the export of oil and food products, such as dairy, eggs and honey. Furthermore, it was reported in 2018 that Iraq is the world's biggest exporter of dates in volume.
Potassium, textiles, inorganic and organic chemicals and fertilizers are among the major exports of Jordan; with organic chemicals growing the fastest between 2018 and 2019 at a rate of 1,478%.
While Kuwait is also among the major exporters of oil in the Arab World, where mineral fuels make up 89.1% of its overall exports, Kuwait also plays a major role in the export of aircrafts and spacecrafts. Aircrafts and spacecrafts are also the fastest growing export category where it’s growth rate was 352,008% from 2018 to 2019.
Gems, precious metals and ammunition top the list of major exports of Lebanon. With ammunition growing from 2018 to 2019 at a rate of 62,926%. Rubber also improved the country’s export by 1,015% from 2018 to 2019.
Mineral fuels are the leading exports in Libya, with Hydrocarbon accounting for about 95% of the exports. In November 2020, there was a 204% increase in the exports of Libya’s National Oil Company (NOC). Other major exports include, gems, precious metals and iron and steel.
Iron plays a major role in the country’s exports, as well as fish, oil, gold and copper.
Morocco’s export industry relies heavily on phosphates and textiles. Other major exports include electric machines, inorganic chemicals and citrus fruits.
Oil and liquefied natural gas are central to Oman’s export industry. Chemicals, plastics and rubber products are also among the country’s major exports.
Exported products include cement, base metals, iron and steel, furniture plastics, dairy products and food and beverages.
Qatar is also one of the top oil exporters in the Middle East. Furthermore, plastics, fertilizers and aluminum contribute significantly to its overall exports. The fastest growing exports are gems and precious metals with growth of about 494.8% from 2018 to 2019.
16. Saudi Arabia
Even though the export of mineral fuels, such as oil, amounts to about 80.4% of total exports in Saudi Arabia, the kingdom also exports other product groups that contribute to its overall global shipment. For instance, Saudi Arabia also exports plastic and organic chemicals, which account for 7.5% and 5%, respectively, of its overall global shipment in 2019. With $745.5M, it also leads the Middle East in the number of vehicles exported. Saudi Arabia is also among the top exporters of food products such as dairy, eggs and honey.
Sudan’s top exports are gold and oil, which account for 70% and 20%, respectively, of the country’s total exports.
Unfortunately due to the civil war that broke out in Syria, international sanctions cut off trade with the country. However, earlier, oil, fuels and calcium phosphate were considered vital exports.
Key exports from Tunisia include agricultural products, textiles, phosphates and chemicals. However, it is important to note that in 2018, it was reported that Tunisia is the world’s biggest exporter of dates in value.
21. United Arab Emirates
It is reported that in the first quarter of 2020, UAE led the Arab World in exports with a value of $16.2B. It is well known that UAE is among the top exporters of oil. In addition, it also exports jewelry and gold.
Like many other Arab countries, oil plays a major role in the exports of Yemen, where oil contributes to 85% of the country’s exports. Other major exports include fish, naphthalene, cigarettes, fruits, soap and animal hides.
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