OPEC members Iran and Venezuela are reeling from a slide in the cost of crude to around $50 per barrel from $100 just six months ago, a precipitous fall that is straining their budgets.
Losses accelerated after the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries cartel, of which Iran and Venezuela are founders, chose late last year not to cut output despite lower prices and oversupply.
Rouhani, his oil minister and other top officials in Tehran have criticised fellow OPEC member Saudi Arabia for not supporting steps to support higher crude prices.
Rouhani was meeting with Maduro when he again appeared to point the finger at Riyadh, in remarks carried on the Iranian government's website.
"Without doubt, cooperation of countries that are on the same line in OPEC can neutralise the plans of some powers who are against OPEC, stabilising a reasonable price for oil in 2015," Rouhani said.
Maduro arrived in Tehran late Friday, accompanied by his ministers for oil, foreign affairs, finance and industry, plus Venezuela's Central Bank chief, on what Iranian state media said would be a 24-hour trip.
According to the official remarks, Maduro echoed Rouhani, "calling for the cooperation of oil exporting countries to bring back stability."
Iran's present budget was based on an oil price of $100, leaving a big shortfall in recent months. In December, Tehran unveiled a draft budget for next year based predicated on $70 per barrel.
Iran and Venezuela pledged to reach agreements during Maduro's trip that would "expand trade and investment, export of technical and engineering services and collaboration in pharmaceuticals."
"Venezuela can be a suitable base for the export of Iran's goods and services to Latin American countries," said Rouhani, who is seeking to reduce Iran's reliance on oil sales by boosting non-oil exports.
Venezuela has the world's largest proven oil reserves but its economy -- 96 percent of the government's foreign currency comes from crude -- has been gutted by inflation and basic goods shortages.
In late December, recession-hit Venezuela reported that inflation for the 12 months to November topped 63 percent -- one of the highest rates in the world.
Maduro travelled to China this week in search of investment and said he secured $20 billion.
"Iran can cooperate to remove Venezuela's needs in housing, road construction, food products and medicine," Rouhani added Saturday.
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