Denmark Culls 17 Million Mink, Dumps Them in Mass Graves Amid Virus Fears

Published November 10th, 2020 - 01:22 GMT
A truck unloads dead mink into a ditch as members of Danish health authorities assisted by members of the Danish Armed Forces bury the animals in a military area near Holstebro, Denmark on November 9, 2020. Morten Stricker / Ritzau Scanpix / AFP
A truck unloads dead mink into a ditch as members of Danish health authorities assisted by members of the Danish Armed Forces bury the animals in a military area near Holstebro, Denmark on November 9, 2020. Morten Stricker / Ritzau Scanpix / AFP
Highlights
Has the potential to render vaccines - including Pfizer's - less effective if it starts to spread through population,

More than 17 million mink are being culled and dumped in mass graves in Denmark today in a desperate bid to eradicate a mutated strain of coronavirus.

The new Covid-19 variant - called Cluster 5 - has caused widespread alarm because it has the potential to render vaccines less effective if it spreads through populations.

Danish officials are trying to stomp it out before its unleashed on the general public, though so far it is only known to have infected 13 people in northern Denmark. 


Shocking photos showed diggers and construction lorries offloading thousands of dead mink into ditches this morning, with workers in hazmat suits spraying down the vehicles with disinfectant. 

The Danish environmental and health authorities announced the animals were being buried in mass graves on military land near the northwestern town of Holstebro because there are not enough incinerators to burn all of the corpses.

Scientists believe the virus jumped from fur farm workers to mink in the summer before being passed back to humans. As it crossed between species, a mutation occurred on its 'spike' protein, which it uses to enter human cells. 

It's significant because the leading vaccine candidates - including Pfizer's jab, which was yesterday revealed to be 90 per cent effective - work by targeting this protein. 

Although there is no proof yet that the strain can hamper vaccines' effectiveness, the location of the mutation means it is theoretically possible. 

UK guidance published yesterday means anyone admitted to hospital who has recently returned from Denmark will be treated in 'strict' quarantine.

It also says people who test positive for Covid-19 within a fortnight of arriving from the Scandinavian nation must be isolated and sent to a specialist infectious diseases centre for further tests.

UK officials fear a new variant of the virus could spark a fresh wave of new cases while the country is already in the midst of a second epidemic.  

There is no evidence yet to suggest the new variant is any more infectious or deadly than the coronavirus infecting most people currently. And there are currently no known cases in the UK.


At the weekend non-British travellers coming from Denmark were banned from entering the UK, as health officials try to block the mutated strain from reaching British shores. 

Planes and ships from Denmark are now also being denied permission to land or dock in the UK and foreign lorry drivers are to be turned back from the border if they have recently travelled through the country.

Brits who have been in Denmark within the past 14 days must also self-isolate with their entire household.

Five different strains of mutant mink coronavirus have been spotted in 214 people in Denmark since June. Analysis by Denmark's State Serum Institute revealed only one of these - known as Cluster 5 - is less sensitive to antibodies.  

Antibodies are disease-fighting proteins made and stored by the immune system to fight off invaders in the future by latching onto their spike proteins. 

But if they are unable to recognise proteins because they have mutated, it means the body may struggle to attack a virus the second time and lead to a second infection. 

It raises fears the new strain could be harder to treat or vaccinate against. 

Cluster 5 has been found in 12 people living in North Jutland - which has been placed under lockdown - and one person living in neighbouring Zealand. 

Of the five farms where it was identified, only three of them were linked to four people with the infection, suggesting the strain is spreading between humans in the community. 

The Department of Health and Social Care said: 'There is no evidence to suggest a new strain of Covid-19 from Denmark is in the UK and, while there have been some reports of mink to human transmission, we do not consider this a risk as there are no fur farms in the UK.

'We are working closely with international partners and we continue to keep the situation under review. 

It is not uncommon for viruses to be able to jump between humans and other animals - which was also the case for H5N1, or bird flu, and H1N1, swine flu.

The sole purpose of any virus is to replicate as many times as possible. So when a virus jumps from one species to another it naturally mutates to adapt to a new host. 

With Covid-19, tiny changes in its DNA occurred when it was passed to mink. It means that when the virus was passed back to humans its biology was different, so it may behave differently to other strains while inside humans.

Experts do not know if it will make the disease more infectious or deadly in humans, but they have warned it has the potential to.

Professor Ian Jones, a virologist at the University of Reading, told MailOnline: 'The virus jump is the result of it being transmitted to mink by the animal handlers and finding the ability to replicate in mink cells. 

'Mink is obviously a permissive species for the virus but in the process certain mutations, which are always present at some level, are selected as that form of the virus does better in mink cells compared to human. 

'This gives the mink virus, which can then spread easily among the very dense populations of animals on mink farms.

'It happens in other viruses too, influenza for example, but it generally stops there.'

He added: 'In theory, the mink form, which has mutations in the spike protein, could then evade the immune response generated to the vaccines currently in development and form Covid-19-2. 

'There are a lot of reasons why this would not happen easily, but it is a formal possibility which is why the mass cull has taken place. 

'Genetic drift in the virus is to be expected and cases like this do need tracking but my risk assessment would be that this is currently only a low-level threat.' 

This article has been adapted from its original source.


© Associated Newspapers Ltd.

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