Israeli media said that Olmert was convicted for "receiving bribes in two separate cases." One of the cases was about the Holyland residential complex that was constructed in Jerusalem when Olmert served as the city's mayor.
Olmert's involvement in the "Holyland affair" came to surface in 2010 when information showed that he received approximately 1.5 million shekels ($430,000) in bribes.
Monday's ruling represents the first time that an Israeli Prime Minister has been convicted of bribery.
Olmert was previously found guilty for breaching trust in a July 2013 corruption case related to favors that the former premier granted to a colleague while he served as the trade and industry minister. However, he was only fined $19,000 and given a suspended jail sentence.
Olmert served as the mayor of Jerusalem from 1993-2003. He then served as the trade and industry minister before assuming the premier post in 2006. He resigned in 2008 after police warned Olmert that he would be indicted in several cases related to corruption.
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