Over 500,000 Tibetans Forced Into Mass Labour Camps by China - Report Claims

Published September 24th, 2020 - 07:04 GMT
Chinese President Xi Jinping. (AFP)
Chinese President Xi Jinping. (AFP)
The research has suggested that rural farmers and herders have been targeted

China has coerced more than 500,000 Tibetan people into military-style training centres that act as labour camps, a study has claimed.

The research, carried out by the Jamestown Foundation, has suggested that farmers and herders have been targeted and taken into labour programmes similar to those used against ethnic Uighurs in Xinjiang.

The moves risk a 'loss of cultural heritage' in the politically sensitive region, the group's report warned.

Authorities in Tibet, a predominantly Buddhist area in China's far west, have touted the scheme - which puts rural workers to task in factories - as a tool for poverty alleviation.

They say this is in line with President Xi Jinping's goal of eradicating extreme poverty by the end of 2020.

Researchers at the Jamestown Foundation said more than 500,000 rural labourers were trained in the first seven months of 2020, with each county assigned quotas.

It did not cite any comparable figures for previous years.

The training schemes aim to instil 'work discipline, Chinese language and work ethics', according to a 2019 Chinese government action plan quoted in the report.

A 2018 report by the Nagqu city government also states that the purpose of the labour transfer scheme is to 'effectively eliminate lazy people'.

Companies that fulfil the hiring quota for workers are offered up to 500,000 yuan (about $75,000), the report said, while herders and farmers are also encouraged by the scheme to hand over their livestock and land to large state-run cooperatives.

'In the context of Beijing's increasingly assimilatory ethnic minority policy, it is likely that these policies will promote a long-term loss of linguistic, cultural and spiritual heritage,' wrote the report's author Adrian Zenz, a researcher at the US-based Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation.

Nearly 50,000 people have been transferred to other areas of Tibet, and more than 3,000 sent to other parts of China, the report said.

The report claims there are similarities with labour schemes in the troubled Xinjiang region.

The scale of the Tibetan work scheme is still dwarfed by that of Xinjiang - which trained an average of 1.29 million workers each year between 2014 and 2019, according to a government white paper released last week.

Both the EU and the US have raised concerns this year over China's treatment of minorities in the Himalayan region.

Beijing says its troops 'peacefully liberated' Tibet in 1951 but many exiled Tibetans accuse the central government of religious repression and eroding their culture.

Foreign journalists have been largely barred from visiting the region since 2008, making it difficult to independently investigate reports from researchers and rights groups.

This article has been adapted from its original source.

© Associated Newspapers Ltd.

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