The United Nations condemned on Friday the rising death toll of civilians in Syria, urging all air forces operating in the country to take greater care to distinguish between legitimate military targets and civilians in their escalating air strikes especially in the northeast against Daesh "the ISIS terror group".
“The rising toll of civilian deaths and injuries already caused by airstrikes in Deir Ezzor and Al-Raqqa suggests that insufficient precautions may have been taken in the attacks,” UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein said in a statement.
His spokesman Rupert Colville told a Geneva briefing: “There are multiple air forces operating in this part of Syria including the (US-led) coalition, mainly the coalition. We also understand that there are Iraqi airplanes as well.”
On Thursday, US-led coalition airstrikes killed at least 35 civilians in Mayadeen in eastern Syrian, a town held by ISIS, a monitor said.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the strikes hit a series of residential buildings in the town in the oil-rich eastern province of Deir Ezzor.
“Among the dead are at least 26 relatives of ISIS fighters, many of them women and children, including Syrians and Moroccans,” said Observatory head Rami Abdel Rahman.
“The other nine are Syrian civilians and include five children,” Abdel Rahman told AFP.
Thursday’s toll brought the known deaths from two days of coalition bombing raids on Mayadeen to 50, the Observatory said, after 15 people were killed in US-led strikes on the town on Wednesday.
The Britain-based monitor this week reported the highest monthly civilian death toll for the coalition since it began bombing Syria on September 23, 2014.
Between April 23 and May 23 of this year, coalition strikes killed a total of 225 civilians in Syria, the Observatory said.
The international alliance is providing air cover for twin offensives on ISIS’s remaining bastion cities: Raqqa in northern Syria and Mosul in neighboring Iraq.
On Thursday, a Pentagon investigation concluded that at least 105 civilians died in an anti-terrorist air strike on an ISIS weapons cache in Mosul in March.
Prior to the new revelation, the US military had said coalition airstrikes in Iraq and Syria had “unintentionally” killed a total of 352 civilians since 2014.
Airwars, a London-based collective of journalists and researchers that tracks non-combatant deaths in Iraq and Syria, estimated earlier this week that as many as 366 civilians were killed in Iraq and Syria in April alone.
It said it had seen civilian fatalities surge since US President Donald Trump came to power and gave greater leeway to battlefield commanders.
Airwars’ figure and its claim that fatalities had risen under Trump were denied by Lieutenant General Jeffrey Harrigian, who heads US Air Forces Central Command.
The US military insists that its precision targeting abilities are the best in the world and that it takes every measure to avoid hitting civilians, including by aborting missile strikes at the last moment if a civilian unexpectedly wanders into the target zone.
More than 320,000 people have been killed and millions more displaced since Syria’s conflict broke out in March 2011.
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