Armenia, Azerbaijan Break Humanitarian Ceasefire! What is Coming Next?

Published October 12th, 2020 - 06:43 GMT

An Armenia-Azerbaijan ceasefire was further dashed as both sides accuse one another of intense shelling civilian areas and escalating two weeks of fierce clashes.

The overnight shelling by Armenian forces on the city of Ganja left seven people dead and 33 wounded including children. This is in less than 24 hours.

The agreement to pause hostilities to exchange prisoners and the bodies of people killed in two weeks of fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region was approved by the foreign ministers of both countries in a marathon Russia-brokered talks in Moscow.

New fighting broke out late last month, stemming from a long-simmering disagreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Karabakh.

The conflict is an ethnic and a territorial one between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven surrounding districts, which are de facto controlled by the self-declared Republic of Artsakh, but are internationally recognized as de jure part of Azerbaijan. 

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A man stands with his kid by a car outside a damaged apartment building after the family took their last belongings from their flat during a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic /

A man stands with his kid by a car outside a damaged apartment building after the family took their last belongings from their flat during a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP

Yasin Budakov, 40, holds a book which his kid forgot to take when they were running out of his damaged flat as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region.

Yasin Budakov, 40, holds a book which his kid forgot to take when they were running out of his damaged flat as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP

Razim Mehmedov, 40, sits in a bedroom of his flat that was damaged and burnt by shelling as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP

Razim Mehmedov, 40, sits in a bedroom of his flat that was damaged and burnt by shelling as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP

Razim Mehmedov, 40, holding his daughter's backpack stands in his flat that was damaged and burnt by shelling as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region

Razim Mehmedov, 40, holding his daughter's backpack stands in his flat that was damaged and burnt by shelling as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP

Xatire Celilova walks in the kitchen of her destroyed flat following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP

Xatire Celilova walks in the kitchen of her destroyed flat following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP

Retired police officer Genadiy Avanesyan, 73, searches for belongings in the remains of his house, which is said was destroyed by Azeri shelling, in the city of Stepanakert on October 10, 2020. Amenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to halt nearly two weeks of fierce fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. ARIS MESSINIS / AFP

Retired police officer Genadiy Avanesyan, 73, searches for belongings in the remains of his house, which is said was destroyed by Azeri shelling, in the city of Stepanakert on October 10, 2020. Amenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to halt nearly two weeks of fierce fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. ARIS MESSINIS / AFP

A man looks at rescuers searching for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP

A man looks at rescuers searching for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP

People stand behind caution tape as rescuers search for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP

People stand behind caution tape as rescuers search for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP

Women react as rescuers search for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP

Women react as rescuers search for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP

Rescuers carry away the body of a victim at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP

Rescuers carry away the body of a victim at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP

A man stands with his kid by a car outside a damaged apartment building after the family took their last belongings from their flat during a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic /
Yasin Budakov, 40, holds a book which his kid forgot to take when they were running out of his damaged flat as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region.
Razim Mehmedov, 40, sits in a bedroom of his flat that was damaged and burnt by shelling as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Razim Mehmedov, 40, holding his daughter's backpack stands in his flat that was damaged and burnt by shelling as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region
Xatire Celilova walks in the kitchen of her destroyed flat following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Retired police officer Genadiy Avanesyan, 73, searches for belongings in the remains of his house, which is said was destroyed by Azeri shelling, in the city of Stepanakert on October 10, 2020. Amenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to halt nearly two weeks of fierce fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. ARIS MESSINIS / AFP
A man looks at rescuers searching for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP
People stand behind caution tape as rescuers search for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Women react as rescuers search for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Rescuers carry away the body of a victim at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP
A man stands with his kid by a car outside a damaged apartment building after the family took their last belongings from their flat during a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic /
A man stands with his kid by a car outside a damaged apartment building after the family took their last belongings from their flat during a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Yasin Budakov, 40, holds a book which his kid forgot to take when they were running out of his damaged flat as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region.
Yasin Budakov, 40, holds a book which his kid forgot to take when they were running out of his damaged flat as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Razim Mehmedov, 40, sits in a bedroom of his flat that was damaged and burnt by shelling as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Razim Mehmedov, 40, sits in a bedroom of his flat that was damaged and burnt by shelling as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Razim Mehmedov, 40, holding his daughter's backpack stands in his flat that was damaged and burnt by shelling as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region
Razim Mehmedov, 40, holding his daughter's backpack stands in his flat that was damaged and burnt by shelling as residents return to their homes following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Xatire Celilova walks in the kitchen of her destroyed flat following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Xatire Celilova walks in the kitchen of her destroyed flat following a ceasefire during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the town of Terter, Azerbaijan, on October 10, 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to end nearly two weeks of heavy fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Retired police officer Genadiy Avanesyan, 73, searches for belongings in the remains of his house, which is said was destroyed by Azeri shelling, in the city of Stepanakert on October 10, 2020. Amenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to halt nearly two weeks of fierce fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. ARIS MESSINIS / AFP
Retired police officer Genadiy Avanesyan, 73, searches for belongings in the remains of his house, which is said was destroyed by Azeri shelling, in the city of Stepanakert on October 10, 2020. Amenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations of new attacks on October 10 in breach of a ceasefire deal to halt nearly two weeks of fierce fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. ARIS MESSINIS / AFP
A man looks at rescuers searching for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP
A man looks at rescuers searching for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP
People stand behind caution tape as rescuers search for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP
People stand behind caution tape as rescuers search for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Women react as rescuers search for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Women react as rescuers search for victims or survivors at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Rescuers carry away the body of a victim at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP
Rescuers carry away the body of a victim at the blast site hit by a rocket during the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan, on October 11, 2020. Bulent Kilic / AFP