Over the last few decades, the Kurds have had an increasingly influence over regional developments in the Middle East. They are the fourth-largest ethnic group in the region, with between 25 and 35 million Kurds inhabiting a mountainous region overlapping the borders of Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Iran and Armenia.
However, the Kurds have never obtained a permanent nation state of their own. As they fight for autonomy in Turkey, and play a major role in the resistance against Daesh in Iraq and Syria, the Kurds have established themselves as one of the region’s main players. Here, we examine who the Kurds are and the pivotal role they are playing in the Middle East.