A plant-based diet can improve insulin secretion and incretin hormones for people with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published Tuesday in Nutrients.
In a randomized crossover trial, researchers compared the effects of a plant-based meal to a meal containing meat on the hormone levels of a group of 20 people who have diabetes type 2. The meals consisted of either a tofu-based veggie burger or a meat-based burger and contained the same amount of calories and ratio of macronutrients.
The results show that participants' postprandial secretion of insulin increased more after the plant-based meal than the meat-based meal. Secretion of incretin hormones also increased more after the vegan meal. Those hormones amplify the release of insulin after a meal.
Beta-cell function parameters also improved. Beta cells synthesize, store, and release insulin after the vegan meal. Beta-cell function is typically diminished in those who have diabetes.
Hana Kahleova, director of clinical research at the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, said: " With diabetes rates rising, this study offers hope that a solution could be close at hand: the food on our plates."
"The results add to the evidence that a plant-based diet should be considered a frontline treatment for type 2 diabetes," Kahleova wrote in the study published in the journal Nutrients. In the United States today, more than 114 million adults have either diabetes or prediabetes.
This article has been adapted from its original source.
Copyright © Saudi Research and Publishing Co. All rights reserved.