The new Yair Lapid-Naftali Bennett Israeli government that ended Benjamin Netanyahu's 12-year rule, was formed by eight parties from the left and right wings.
The prime minister in the new government will alternate for two years each between coalition partners Naftali Bennett, the head of the right-wing Yamina party, and Yair Lapid, the leader of centralist Yesh Atid party.
Israel's opposition parties are expected to announce today a new government with the aim of unseating Benjamin Netanyahu after 12 years in power.— Middle East Eye (@MiddleEastEye) June 2, 2021
But who is Naftali Bennett, the ultra-nationalist likely to become #Israel's new leader? pic.twitter.com/VjmICdN7tl
The coalition includes the United Arab List (Ra'am), the political extension of the southern wing of the Palestine 1948 Islamic Movement -- the first Arab party in the history of Israel to join a coalition government.
"95% of Jews support Zionism." https://t.co/etqKefVi6X— Roger Kaputnik #WheresTheOutrage? (@IreadMad) June 3, 2021
Parties with completely different views on issues such as the status of Palestinians who hold Israeli citizenship, a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and military service of religious Jews, came together to form the government.
The eight-party coalition includes Yisrael Beiteinu, Meretz, Labor Party, and the Blue and White Party.
📝DEAL SIGNED!— The Pinsker Centre (@PinskerCentre) June 3, 2021
Yesh Atid's Yair Lapid, Naftali Bennett head of Yamina & Mansour Abbas the chief of the Arab-Israeli Ra'am party agree to form a remarkably diverse coalition which would bring #Netanyahu's 12-year premiership to an end.
Still needs to be ratified by the Knesset. pic.twitter.com/HqLJWhfIM4
They agreed to form a government under the joint leadership of Lapid and Bennett to remove Netanyahu.
Below are the main views of parties in the coalition.
The centralist party established in 2012 by former journalist Yair Lapid stands out with its support for liberal Zionism and secularism, as well as for the two-state solution.
It joined the anti-Netanyahu Blue and White Alliance but late withdrew and joined the Netanyahu-led bloc in elections on March 2, 2020.
The party won 17 Knesset seats in elections held on March 23.
The announcement by Israeli opposition leader Yair Lapid and his main coalition partner, Naftali Bennett, came moments before a midnight deadline and prevented the country from plunging into a fifth election in just over two years. https://t.co/ve1QrA12Yv— The Associated Press (@AP) June 2, 2021
The party founded by three right-wing parties under the leadership of incoming Prime Minister Naftali Bennett is known for Zionist and far-right views.
Bennett, who entered politics as Netanyahu's deputy in 2005, will be the one who will remove the long-ruling premier if he receives a vote of confidence in the Knesset.
The party, which argues that the West Bank is not under occupation, also opposes the two-state solution.
Yamina secured seven seats in the elections.
A center-right party advocating nationalist Zionist views, New Hope was founded in 2020 by Gideon Saar, who left Netanyahu's Likud party.
Saar, who has been serving as education and interior minister in governments led by Netanyahu, was offered the prime minister post by the outgoing leader in efforts to form a government after the elections.
The #Netanyahu bloc have officially approached Saar and Bennett regarding a triple rotation— Newsrael - 24/7 Live News Feed (@NewsraelApp) May 30, 2021
The factions of the bloc that supports Netanyahu today (Sunday) officially contacted "Yamina" chairman Naftali Bennett and "New Hope" chairman Gideon Saarhttps://t.co/UmRhOsw7J7 pic.twitter.com/hwYKxHnwEz
Located on the center-right and represented by six deputies in the Knesset, it opposes a two-state solution to the Israel-Palestine conflict.
🇮🇱🤝 The broad coalition comprised of 8 factions spanning the the entire spectrum that could become #Israel's new Government:— The Pinsker Centre (@PinskerCentre) June 3, 2021
↗️ Yisrael Beiteinu/Yamina/New Hope
The deal is that #Bennett will be PM & #Lapid is to replace him in 2023. pic.twitter.com/OTfJM6W9AR
The Israel Our Home Party, which has played a key role in politics many times, was founded in 1999 by former defense and foreign minister Avigdor Liberman.
The secular center-right party, which appeals especially to Jews of Soviet origin, demands religious Jews perform military service and stands out with its revisionist Zionist view.
The party which is against the two-state solution, has seven Knesset members.
Imagine saying two years ago that Ra’am, Yisrael Beiteinu, and Meretz would end up working together to form a government. https://t.co/PuqjF5UAjj— George ⚪️🔴⚪️ (@georgethisisnot) June 2, 2021
Led by Nitzan Horowitz, Meretz entered the political scene in 1997.
On the far left, it advocates social democracy, supports the two-state solution, and opposes nation-state law.
Meretz is represented by six deputies in the Knesset.
Israeli Labor Party
One of Israel's most established parties was founded in 1968 on the center-left line.
Merav Michaeli leads the party which supports the two-state solution.
It defends social democracy and has seven members in the Knesset.
Blue and White
Led by defense chief Benny Gantz, the Blue and White Alliance was established in 2019.
Moving along the center line, it stands out with views in favor of Zionism and social liberalism.
The Blue and White Alliance, which is against the two-state solution, is represented by eight deputies in the Knesset.
Benny Gantz blocks confirmation of cabinet ministers https://t.co/F9tp1vsDxF— Haaretz.com (@haaretzcom) March 9, 2021
United Arab List Ra'am
The political extension of the southern wing of the 1948 Islamic Movement of Palestine was founded in 1996 by Palestinians who hold Israeli citizenship.
Contrary to the hesitant tradition followed by Arab parties in Israeli politics, Ra'am said it was ready to support any prime minister candidate on conditions of "improving the living conditions of Arabs of Israel, ending the injustice and marginalization inflicted on them" in efforts to form a coalition government that formed for the first time after the election.
Ra'am, who left the Joint Arab List Bloc, entered the elections after six years and gained four seats.
It rejects the Nation-State Law adopted in 2018, which envisages two different citizen models, takes an anti-Zionist line and supports the two-state solution.
After the March 23 election, President Reuven Rivlin appointed Netanyahu to form a coalition government.
Netanyahu returned to Rivlin on May 4 and said he could not find enough support.
After which, Rivlin gave the mandate to form a coalition government on May 5 to Netanyahu's rival, Lapid.
This article has been adapted from its original source.
© Copyright Andolu Ajansi