Snapchat: Al-Qaeda's Propaganda App

Published September 20th, 2017 - 07:22 GMT
Snapchat is a mobile application that allows message and multimedia communication (Shutterstock/File Photo)
Snapchat is a mobile application that allows message and multimedia communication (Shutterstock/File Photo)


  • Jabhat Fateh al-Sham stated that they use Snapchat for broadcasting their messages and religious beliefs.
  • The mobile application is allegedly used by Syrian rebels to buy and sell arms.
  • Members of Jabhat Fateh al-Sham deny using the application to recruit Westerners.
  • The application can potentially reveal its users' locations and relay the information to the U.S.


Teenagers may use Snapchat to buy weed and sext one another, but terrorists have other ideas. 

Abu Ali al-Shabwani, a member of Jabhat Fateh al-Sham - formerly known as the Nusra Front, al-Qaeda's Syrian franchise - considers the mobile app crucial to his propaganda. 

"Snapchat helps us let the world see the truth and what happens here," he told The New Arab over Telegram, a mobile app favored by clandestine armed groups.

According to al-Shabwani, "the people here, who have the whole world fighting against them - nobody helps them". Snapchat allows him to broadcast his "work to help poor and weak people defend themselves". It is a dubious enterprise, given the wider implications of a Western-labeled terrorist organization using social media to promote its worldview. 

While al-Shabwani spends much of his time on Snapchat talking into the camera, seated next to another fighter or an AK-47 assault rifle, Jabhat Fateh al-Sham and its Nusra predecessor have frequently posted videos of grisly beheadings.

The New Arab
 confirmed al-Shabwani's role as a fighter and propagandist in Jabhat Fateh al-Sham by documenting his widespread use of Facebook, Telegram, Twitter, and YouTube. 

One of his YouTube videos depicts an engineer, likely employed by Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, operating a remote-control, scoped machine-gun through a PlayStation 2 console and controller during the Battle of Aleppo. The video recommends that viewers follow him on Snapchat, where, unlike on other mobile apps, al-Shabwani can live-stream details of his life in pictures and videos glorifying Islam, jihad - and martyrdom.

Another Jabhat Fateh al-Sham propagandist, Sraqa al-Maki, whose identity The New Arab verified just as it had al-Shabwani's, relies on Snapchat to "share the benefits of some religious verses and traditions". 

He posts quotes about the Quran and the Hadith, the collected sayings of Muhammad, in addition to answering viewers' questions about Islam on his Snapchat story, turning his daily compilation of Snaps into what resembles a bizarre talk show with much more showing than talking. He sometimes adds gory pictures of "martyrs" killed fighting the Islamic State group or Syrian government troops.




Motherboard reported earlier this year that Syrian rebels, including Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, were using Snapchat to buy and sell weapons (and even falcons). The two rebel groups denied it to The New Arab: "It's not true that the mujahideen are selling weapons over Snapchat," al-Maki, who also goes by the name "Abu Salman", said via Telegram. 

"I haven't seen it." Al-Shabwani also said. "This is not true."

Al-Maki and al-Shabwani also rejected the suggestion that they might recruit Westerners over Snapchat as IS has using Facebook, Telegram, and Twitter. "I don't help recruit new people because it's not my business," claimed al-Maki.

"I've never talked to an American, thank God." 

Al-Shabwani meanwhile noted that he had never learned English, a skill necessary to recruit Westerners.

Whatever threat armed groups using Snapchat may pose to the Western world, al-Maki and al-Shabwani might have put themselves at risk by taking advantage of the mobile app. 

They declined to conduct their interviews over WhatsApp - which would have required them to send The New Arab their phone numbers - instead answering questions over Snapchat and Telegram. Both mobile apps, though, have proved less secure than a terrorist organization against which the West has launched airstrikes would hope.

Snapchat, in particular, could allow American signals intelligence agents to track terrorists' locations, relaying that information to U.S. air force assets within strike range.

Al-Qaeda's leadership has warned fighters in Syria to avoid Snapchat, noting that the mobile app, though popular with Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, could expose fighters' locations and vulnerabilities. 

Rachel Racusen, a spokeswoman for Snap Inc., the technology company that owns Snapchat, confirmed in an email: "We work with law enforcement and NGOs to fight terrorism and remove it from our service." She added: "We abhor terrorism and it should never have a voice on Snapchat."

She referred The New Arab to the mobile app's community guidelines and terms of service, which prohibit "illegal shenanigans".

For now, the two ideologues seem content to play with the mobile app and spread propaganda despite the risks. Considering that few official sources appear to have recognized the problems that could arise from terrorists on Snapchat, it may be a long time before al-Maki and al-Shabwani have to rethink their mobile app of choice.


This article has been adapted from its original source

Copyright @ 2022 The New Arab.

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