US: Number of foreign fighters joining Daesh on the decline

Published April 27th, 2016 - 11:00 GMT
The Pentagon says recruitment is down for Daesh, who has suffered a string of territorial and cash losses over the last several months. (File photo)
The Pentagon says recruitment is down for Daesh, who has suffered a string of territorial and cash losses over the last several months. (File photo)

The number of foreign fighters entering Iraq and Syria has plummeted over the past year, a US general said Tuesday.

Major General Peter Gersten told Pentagon reporters that when he arrived in Baghdad about a year ago, between 1,500 and 2,000 foreign fighters were joining the Daesh group's ranks each month.

"Now we have been fighting this enemy for a year, our estimates are down to 200 (per month) and we are actually seeing now an increase in the desertion rates of these fighters," Gersten said.

The general attributed the drop in part to the US-led coalition's continued attacks on Daesh's cash-storage facilities.

He said the coalition has carried out about 20 such strikes that have blown up as much as $800 million worth of cash, much of it stashed in houses.

"We are seeing a fracturing in their morale, we are seeing their inability to pay, we are seeing the inability to fight," Gersten claimed.

"We are watching them try to leave Daesh. In every single way, their morale is being broken," he added.

Gersten declined to provide an estimate on the overall size of the Daesh force, but this month Deputy Secretary of State Antony Blinken claimed the number was at its lowest ebb since the United States began monitoring the group in 2104.

That number has previously been estimated at between 20,000 and 31,500 foreign and local fighters.

In addition to hitting their cash stores, US planes and drones have targeted Daesh oil trucks and wells in a bid to further diminish their financial resources.

The United States has since August 2014 led a coalition attacking Daesh in Iraq and Syria.


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