The US Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) – part two:

Published October 15th, 2000 - 02:00 GMT

3 . Bryan Mound: 

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Bryan Mound storage facility is located in Brazoria County, Texas, approximately about 96-km / 60 miles south of Houston, Texas, on the Brazos River Diversion Channel. The storage facility occupies 500 acres which almost encompasses the entire Bryan Mound salt dome. 

 

The Bryan Mound salt dome was selected as a storage site early in the SPR program due to its existing brine caverns which could be readily converted to oil storage and its proximity to the origin of the Seaway Interstate Pipeline System. Development of the site was initiated in 1977 and completed in 1987.  

 

The site has 20 underground solution-mined storage caverns which have a combined storage capacity of 232 million barrels. The site has demonstrated the capability to drawdown and deliver crude oil at 1,500,000 barrels per day. 

 

The Bryan Mound site is connected via a about 8-km / 4-mile, 30-inch pipeline to the Seaway Marine Terminal at Freeport, Texas, about 8-km / 4-mile, 30-inch pipeline to Seaway Jones Creek Terminal, and about 74-km / 46-mile, 40-inch pipeline to the Seaway Terminal at Texas City, Texas. 

 

These pipelines provide the capability to receive and distribute crude oil via tanker from marine docks in either Freeport or Texas City. In addition, the Seaway Texas City Terminal provides pipeline distribution capabilities to refiners in the Texas City area, the Houston area, and the midcontinent refining region. 

 

In 1985, the Seaway oil pipeline was converted to natural gas transmission; in 1996, this pipeline from Freeport, Texas to Cushing, Oklahoma was reconverted to crude oil operations. This provided the Bryan Mound site via the Jones Creek Terminal with added pipeline distribution capabilities to the midcontinent and midwest refining regions. 

 

Bryan Mound Facts: 

Storage Capacity: 

232 Million Barrels  

Crude Oil Type Stored: 

Sweet 

Sour  

Commercial Access to Crude Oil: 

Interstate/Local Pipelines 

Tanker docks 

Barge docks 

Storage system: 20 solution mined caverns 

Development: 1977-1987 

Fill rate: 225,000 barrels per day 

Drawdown rate: 1,500,000 barrels per day (Sour, Sour/Sweet), 1,000,000 barrels per day Sweet 

Brine Disposal: Offshore pipeline with diffuser into Gulf of Mexico 

Fill Terminal: Seaway Terminal, Freeport,TX , Seaway Terminal, Texas City, TX 

Distribution Facility: Seaway Terminal, Freeport, TX Seaway Terminal, Texas City, TX , Seaway Terminal, Jones Creek, TX 

Interstate Pipeline Distribution: ARCO 20" to Mid-continent Seaway 30" to Midcontinent  

 

4. Big Hill: 

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Big Hill storage facility is located in Jefferson County, Texas, approximately about 32-km / 20 miles southwest of Beaumont, Texas. The storage site covers about 270 acres over the Big Hill salt dome. 

 

The Big Hill storage facility is the SPR's newest storage facility. Development of the site was initiated in 1982 and completed in 1991. The site has 14 underground solution-mined storage caverns which have a combined storage capacity of 170 million barrels. The site has demonstrated the capability to draw down and deliver crude at 1,100,000 barrels per day. 

 

The Big Hill site is connected via about 30 km / 25-mile, 36-inch pipeline to the Sun Marine Terminal and the Unocal Marine Terminal at Nederland, Texas. 

The Big Hill pipeline also interconnects with the Texaco 20-inch Pipeline System in Port Arthur, Texas.  

 

The Big Hill pipeline provides the capability to receive and distribute crude oil via tanker from Sun or Unocal marine docks in Nederland, Texas, and to distribute crude via pipeline to refiners in the Beaumont/Port Arthur area, the Houston/Baytown area, and the mid-continent refining region. 

 

In 1995, Sun Terminal became the origin of Mobil's Interstate Pipeline System between Nederland, Texas and Patoka, Illinois. This pipeline provides the Big Hill site with added pipeline distribution capabilities to the mid-continent and mid-west refining regions. 

 

Big Hill Facts: 

Storage Capacity: 

170 Million Barrels 

Crude Oil Type Stored: 

Sweet 

Sour  

Commercial Access to Crude Oil: 

Interstate/Local Pipelines 

Tanker docks 

Barge docks 

Storage system: 14 solution mined caverns 

Development: 1982-1991 

Fill rate: 225,000 barrels per day 

Drawdown rate: 1,100,000 barrels per day 

Brine Disposal: Offshore pipeline with diffuser into Gulf of Mexico 

Fill Terminals: Sun Terminal, Nederland, TX UNOCAL Terminal, Nederland, TX 

Distribution Facility: Sun Terminal, Nederland, TX UNOCAL Terminal, Nederland, TX Texaco 20" Connection, Port Arthur, TX 

Interstate Pipeline Distribution: Sun/Midvalley 20" to Midwest, Texaco 16" to Midcontinent, Mobil 20" to Midwest 

Source: United States Energy Information Administration.  

© 2000 Mena Report (www.menareport.com)

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