Federal National Council

Published May 26th, 2011 - 08:56 GMT

The Federal National Council (FNC) is the legislature of the United Arab Emirates.

The Council has 40 members with advisory tasks rather than legislative power. Twenty members are elected by the 6,689 members of the Electoral College; the other 20 are nominated by their respective emirates.

The Federal National Council was formed under the Provisional Constitution of the United Arab Emirates in 1971 as a permanent component of the country's governing structure, which also includes the Supreme Council, President, Cabinet and Judiciary.

Over the last decades, the FNC has discussed hundreds of issues and draft laws concerning the people and economy of the country. Throughout its history, the Council has influenced the Federal Government to draft laws. Original draft laws from the Cabinet were amended by the Council to suit the needs of the citizens which they represent.

The FNC is responsible under the Constitution for examining, and, if it wishes, amending, all proposed federal legislation, and is empowered to summon and to question any Federal Minister regarding Ministry performance. One of the main duties of the FNC is to discuss the annual budget. Specialized sub-committees and a Research and Studies Unit have been formed to assist FNC members to cope with the increasing demands of modern government.