The UN Security Council on Tuesday adopted a resolution imposing an arms embargo against Houthi rebels fighting against Yemen's internationally recognized government backed by a Saudi-led coalition.
The resolution submitted by Jordan received 14 votes in favor with abstention from Russia.
During discussions on the final form of the text, Moscow reportedly insisted on an arms embargo on all parties, including Yemen's UN-backed government of Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi.
There is widespread speculation that Iran is providing material support to the rebels, a claim Iran denies.
The resolution also imposes a global asset freeze and travel ban against Ahmed Saleh, son of former Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh, and Abdul Malik al Houthi, a Houthi leader.
Houthis "attempted to unilaterally replace the legitimate government of Yemen with an illegitimate governing authority that the Houthis dominated," reads the resolution.
"UK welcomes res 2216 on #Yemen. #UNSC made clear further measures would be taken if #Houthis failed to cease their aggression," the British UN mission said on Twitter.
Yemen has been in turmoil since last September, when the Houthis overran the capital Sanaa and from where they have sought to extend their influence over the rest of the fractious country.
The resolution says the rebels must withdraw from territory and government institutions they have seized.
Since March 25, Saudi Arabia and its Arab allies have pounded Houthi positions across Yemen in a bombardment that has killed more than 600 people, according to the UN.
Riyadh says the strikes are in response to appeals by Hadi to "save the [Yemeni] people from the Houthi militias."
The Houthis have denounced the U.S.-backed offensive as an unwarranted "Saudi-American onslaught" on Yemen.
The current conflict is seen in some circles as a proxy war between predominantly Sunni Saudi Arabia and majority Shiite Iran.
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